The history behind the National Geographic includes its founding date of January 27, 1888. The society was created in Washington, D.C., to raise awareness for geographical issues and knowledge.
The National Geographic Society was created by a group of scientists, explorers, geographers and teachers. The founding members consisted of 33 people. The first president of the society was Gardiner Greene Hubbard, and the second president was Alexander Graham Bell; the inventor of the telephone.
The first issue of the National Geographic magazine was issued in October 1888. The magazine has 12 issues per year and, as of 2015, is available in 40 local languages. The magazine has grown to an estimated 60 million readers.
The National Geographic television series first aired in 1964 on the CBS network, and in 1975 moved to PBS. The organization has also produced and directed documentaries, including "The March of the Penguins," which released to box office success.
The National Geographic Society is a nonprofit scientific institution and one of the largest in the world. The society has an estimated membership of 6.8 million people. Areas of interest in the society include archeology, conservation, natural science, geography, and culture. National Geographic retail stores can be found in eight countries.