As of 2015, news networks in Haiti are under the ownership and control of the Haitian government, but several independently operated unlicensed radio and television news outlets broadcast illegally. News networks fall under the control of the National Council of Telecommunications. Government news agencies are notorious for spreading propaganda.
The Haitian government assumed a monopoly on telecommunications in 1977, issued strict licensing laws applicable to the press in 1986, and declared airwaves to be the property of the government in 1997. Illegal unlicensed stations operating from within and outside of the country broadcast news independently, but do not have the financial resources to update equipment and reach wider audiences. Statistics regarding the audience of these stations are nonexistent. Between 50 and 85 percent of the country’s 10 million people are illiterate, making newspapers a negligible source of news, reaching less than 1 percent of the population.