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What was the Great Compromise?

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The Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise, was the result of a debate among delegates that decided how much representation each state should have in Congress. Delegates gathered at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 to reach a compromise on this issue. The Great Compromise affected the formation of Congress and the House of Representatives.

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What was the Great Compromise?
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Prior to the Great Compromise, delegates envisioned only one law-making branch of the government. Most delegates agreed that representatives from each state should be a part of this branch, but no agreement could be reached regarding how much each state should be represented. Most delegates from larger states favored the Virginia Plan. This plan determined the extent of state representation by the population of a state. On the other hand, smaller states were in favor of the New Jersey Plan that would require all states to be represented in Congress equally, regardless of the number of citizens in a state.

A compromise was reached when Connecticut delegate Roger Sherman proposed the creation of a two-chambered Congress. This led to the creation of the House of Representative. Today, each state is represented by two senators and several members of the House of Representatives. The amount of representatives for each state is determined by the population of the state.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the Great Compromise of 1787?

    A:

    The Great Compromise of 1787 was a measure proposed at the United States Constitutional Convention of 1787, which created a system for proportional representation in the House of Representatives, while maintaining equal representation in the Senate. This measure satisfied representatives from both large and small states, who did not want their citizens to be underrepresented in the new government.

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  • Q:

    What institution in Congress was created by the Great Compromise?

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    According to the Bill of Rights Institute, America's Great Compromise was responsible for creating a dual system of congressional representation. Each state has two senators while representation in the House of Representatives is based on state population.

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  • Q:

    What issue did the Great Compromise resolve?

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    The Great Compromise resolved the issue of representation in the U.S. legislature. Large states believed they should have greater representation because of their larger population, and smaller states wanted all states represented equally because they did not want to be overpowered in congress .

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  • Q:

    What was the Three-Fifths Compromise?

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    The Three-Fifths Clause was one of the many compromises delegates worked out during the Constitutional Convention in 1787. It struck a balance between large slave states in the South and smaller northern states that had abolished slavery. It restricted, but not eliminated, the apportioned congressional representation of slave states by limiting the Census to counting slaves as only three-fifths of a person.

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