Athena was the Greek virgin goddess of reason, intelligent activity, arts and literature. She was known to have a calm temperament. She only fought for just reasons and never fought without a purpose. Her father was Zeus; she came from his forehead fully grown, clothed in armor.
Athena created the bridle, which allowed horses to be tamed, as well as the pot, rake, trumpet and chariot. Zeus let her use his weapons, including the thunderbolt, because she was his favorite child. Athena was symbolized as the owl, and the olive tree was her holy tree. Athena is depicted as a smart partner of heroes and is the patron goddess of heroic endeavor. She is the virgin patroness of Athens, and the city is her namesake.
The Parthenon on the Acropolis was founded by Athenians in her honor.