The Formalist approach to literature, or Formalism, is a broad branch of literary criticism that seeks to examine a text on its own terms, independent of the text's societal or authorial context. Formalism accomplishes this examination by evaluating the formal aspects of a text. There are several subdivisions within the realm of Formalism, the most notable of which are New Criticism, Russian Formalism and New Formalism.Continue Reading
Russian Formalism was the first branch of Formalism. It began in Russia between 1910 and 1930. The movement was led by Viktor Shklovsky and Roman Jakobsen.
In the United States, Formalism began in the 1930s with New Criticism. New Criticism was spearheaded by a group of intellectuals at Vanderbilt University, called The Fugitives. At the head of The Fugitives was John Crowe Ransom, who published a book called "The New Criticism" in 1938. Both of these groups focused on the grammatical, syntactical, poetical and formal aspects of texts.
New Formalism began in 1985 with the article "The Yuppie Poet" in the Associated Writing Programs newsletter. As of 2014, New Formalism is the most contemporary wave of Formalism. New Formalism developed as a reaction to contemporary mainstream poetry that had abandoned notions of rhyme and meter.Learn more about Literature
A literary masterpiece is a work of literature that is considered to be outstanding in terms of its artistry and technique, and is held in high esteem as an original work to be read and studied. A literary masterpiece can take the form of any written work, including a poem, short story, play or novel.Full Answer >
Satire is commonly defined as a literary genre in which comedic forms, as well as ridicule and exaggeration, are used to focus on human weakness and societal problems. Comedic satire also appears in film, poetry and television.Full Answer >
The purpose of color symbolism in "The Great Gatsby" is to convey the different emotions of F. Scott Fitzgerald's characters and to depict the societal mindset of the time. While the book did not meet with success during the author's time, it has since gone on to be considered one of the greatest literary works in history.Full Answer >
An example of constructive criticism is: "I noticed that we have had some trouble communicating lately. What can we do to improve this?" An example of unconstructive criticism is: "You haven't been communicating with me lately. What's your problem?"Full Answer >