Poetry Foundation has a large archive of religious poems written by African American poets. The Ujamaa Christian Poetry site has a list of famous Christian poets, some of whom are African American.
Some famous poems included on the Poetry Foundation site are "An Evening Thought: Salvation by Christ, with Penetential Cries" by Jupiter Hammon, and "God" by Langston Hughes, among many others. Langston Hughes is one of the most famous African American poets, and he wrote many religious poems that have become highly important. Aside from "God," he also wrote a poem called "Goodbye, Christ" that has been very influential and has sparked many commentaries on his work.
Another famous African American poet, Maya Angelou, wrote a poem called "Touched by an Angel." Maya Angelou is one of the most well-known and beloved African American poets. Claude McKay wrote the famous poem "Baptism." He is Jamaican American. Gwendolyn Brooks, another famous African American poet, wrote the poem "truth." Paul Laurence Dunbar wrote the famous poem "Religion." He was a very influential African American poet who became famous in the early 1900s.
Poems such as "Shine," "The Walk" and "Not Forsaken," all by Larry Belt, are located on the Ujamaa Christian Poetry site.