Famous Italian poets include Dante Alighieri, Petrarch and Eugenio Montale. Dante Alighieri and Petrarch both lived in the Renaissance between the 13th and 14th centuries, while Eugenio Montale is one of Italy's most celebrated 20th century poets. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1975.
Along with his fellow Italian poets Giuseppe Ungaretti and Salvatore Quasimodo, Montale is credited with the founding of hermeticism, a form of poetry characterized by obscurity; however, Montale himself rejected this label. Rather, his aim had been to liberate his poetry from convention and write with a fresh clarity of expression. His works were collected in five volumes, including "The Occasions" and "Satura: 1962-1970."
Dante Alighieri, commonly referred to as Dante, is best known for his "La Commedia" ("The Divine Comedy"). This epic work was written in three parts, describing the author's figurative journey through the Christian realms of Hell ("Inferno"), Purgatory ("Purgatorio") and Paradise ("Paradiso"). Much of Dante's fame is attributed to his decision to write the work in Italian, rather than Latin or Greek as was more usual. This brought him exposure to a wider audience. His work was used for the formalization of the modern Italian language.
Petrarch's work was also used for this purpose. He is best known for his lyrical poems and sonnets, many of which were about his crush Laura. He also wrote epic poetry, such as "Africa," which was the story of the Second Punic War.