Some famous Hispanic poets include Octavio Paz, Pablo Neruda and Frederico Garcia Lorca. These three poets rank as some of the most respected and influential writers of the 20th century.
Born in Mexico City to a family of intellectuals, Octavio Paz was exposed to literature at a young age and began writing soon after. Taking influence from Spanish writers as well as T.S. Eliot, Paz’s poetry explores notions of Mexican identity and the country’s relationship with the world. Paz led a rich cultural life, traveling frequently, founding multiple literary journals and receiving the Nobel Prize in 1990.
Chilean poet and diplomat Pablo Neruda was known for his stylistically varied poems, which could range from personal to political to surreal. Publishing his first works while still in his teens, Neruda quickly gained notice from the literary establishment, including future Nobel Prize winner Gabriela Mistral. A fiercely political writer, Neruda served as both a diplomat and a senator for the Chilean Communist Party. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1971.
Spanish-born Federico Garcia Lorca was originally trained as a classical pianist and only began writing when his piano teacher died. A major player in the Spanish avant-garde, Lorca was a friend to Salvador Dali and Louis Brunel. He also wrote and directed numerous plays. Like many in the avant-garde, Lorca was a socialist, and in 1936, shortly after the Spanish Civil War broke out, he was executed for his political views.