The most famous German painters include Max Beckmann, Heinrich Campendonk, Lovis Corinth, Otto Dix, Conrad Felixmuller, Heinz Fuchs, George Grosz, Ernst Kirchner, Paul Klee, Oskar Kokoschka, August Macke and Franz Marc. These famous German painters produced noteworthy works using many mediums and techniques, including oil paints and graphics. Some, such as Jeanne Mammen and Emile Nolde, worked primarily in one medium such as watercolor, while other artists created works using a range of tools.
These German artists account for the most well-known and respected German artists in the Expressionist movement. In addition to using different techniques, these artists specialized in different images. Some, such as Ernst Barlach, drew artistic inspiration from religious and mythical objects. Others, such as Max Beckmann, created artwork focusing on humans and human emotions. Otto Dix and Rudi Feld created paintings focusing on scenes of war and post-war life following World War II. They depicted humans in and after war, and composed landscapes of war and war-torn scenes.
While these artists concentrated on real life subjects, others embraced modern and abstract art styles. Vasily Kandinsky, a watercolor artist, stands out as one of the leading abstract Expressionist German painters.
In addition to personal preference, the diverse backgrounds of these German artists influenced their painting styles. Academic training in architecture, theology and literature, for instance, helped artists produce works emphasizing lines and buildings, religious figures and dramatic images.