A few of the most well-known romantic poets include Robert Burns, Elizabeth Barrett Browning and John Keats. In the United States, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Edgar Allen Poe are two of the most prominent.
Romanticism was an artistic movement that flourished in the mid-nineteenth century. The romantics reacted against the empiricism of the enlightenment and dehumanization of the Industrial Age. They sought freedom in their personal and artistic lives. Robert Burns, for example, was a founder of romanticism and has long been considered the national poet of Scotland, although he also wrote in English. His song, Auld Lang Syne, is still popular on New Year's Eve.