Architecture

A:

Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.

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  • How Many Seats Are at Madison Square Garden?

    Q: How Many Seats Are at Madison Square Garden?

    A: The number of seats available varies per show, but the max seating of 19,812 is available during basketball games, as of 2017. With the exception of basketball, ice hockey and concerts, all seating maximums depend on the size of the event.
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  • Why Was the Hoover Dam Built?

    Q: Why Was the Hoover Dam Built?

    A: The Hoover Dam was built to irrigate and provide hydroelectric power to the states of California and Arizona. In addition, the Hoover Dam was built to control seasonal flooding of the Colorado River, which made settlement in the arid Southwest possible. The dam was built during the 1930s and was, at the time, one of the largest man-made structures.
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  • When Was the Art Deco Era?

    Q: When Was the Art Deco Era?

    A: The eclectic design and artistic style known as Art Deco thrived throughout Europe and the United States from 1908 through 1935. It gained serious momentum shortly after World War I concluded in 1918. The style began in Paris before fanning out into the rest of the continent and across the Atlantic.
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  • What Is the Difference Between a Villa and a House?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between a Villa and a House?

    A: Villa can be very similar to a house in that it can closely resemble a standard, single family home, but villas are also known for being luxurious, larger homes with their own gardens, vineyards or courtyards, hotel-like services and water fixtures, like pools and fountains. Because of this, villas are known as more private, elegant destinations for people who want to go on vacation, but prefer to not stay in a hotel, where the atmosphere can be impersonal.
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  • What Is a Rambler Style Home?

    Q: What Is a Rambler Style Home?

    A: A rambler style home is an L- or rectangle-shaped home that lacks decorative detailing on the outside and uses a minimal amount of interior walls in the effort to maximize each square foot of living space. Rambler style homes are also called ranch-style, California Ramblers, Western Ranch and American Ranch. Popularized in 1932 by architect Cliff May, rambler style homes experienced widespread popularity during World War II.
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  • What Is the Empire State Building Used For?

    Q: What Is the Empire State Building Used For?

    A: The Empire State Building is used for many things including office locations and as a popular tourist attraction. It stands 1,454 feet high and was built in 1931.
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  • What Year Was the Taj Mahal Built?

    Q: What Year Was the Taj Mahal Built?

    A: Although the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan first ordered the building of the Taj Mahal in 1632, it took 20 years or so to build it. Ustad Ahmad Lahouri was likely the architect that oversaw the majority of the work.
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  • What Is a Multi-Story Building?

    Q: What Is a Multi-Story Building?

    A: A multi-story building is a building that supports two or more floors above ground. There is no formal restriction on the height of such a building or the number of floors a multi-story building may contain, though taller buildings do face more practical difficulties.
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  • How Tall Is a Two-Story House?

    Q: How Tall Is a Two-Story House?

    A: The height of a two-story house depends on a number of factors. The bare minimum height is likely 16 feet, although most two-story houses are between 20 and 25 feet high.
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  • What Are Some Facts About the Empire State Building?

    Q: What Are Some Facts About the Empire State Building?

    A: The Empire State Building stands is 1,250 feet above the ground, or 103 stories. The antenna adds an additional 204 feet to its height. The 86th floor observatory is 1,050 feet above ground, while the 102nd floor observatory is located at 1,224 feet. In fair weather, it is possible to see 80 miles into New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
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  • What Are the Names of the Three Pyramids in Giza?

    Q: What Are the Names of the Three Pyramids in Giza?

    A: The three Egyptian pyramids known as the Giza Pyramids are Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. They are located on the Giza Plateau, outside of the modern city of El Giza, Egypt.
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  • What Is the Difference Between Viaduct and Bridge?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between Viaduct and Bridge?

    A: Viaducts are types of bridges; the term “viaduct” refers to long bridges or series of bridges that are connected to one another or structurally supported by arches or sturdy platforms between two end towers. As with bridges, viaducts may cross waterways or roadways, and exist primarily to provide an overhead passage to move trucks, cars, trains and pedestrians from one point to another.
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  • How Long Does It Take to Walk the Great Wall of China?

    Q: How Long Does It Take to Walk the Great Wall of China?

    A: The main Great Wall of China stretches approximately 5,500 miles along the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. Explorer experts state that it takes 18 months to walk its entire length. It was constructed during the Ming dynasty in the 14th and 15th century, and is sometimes called the Ming Wall.
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  • Why Don't Some Buildings Have a 13th Floor?

    Q: Why Don't Some Buildings Have a 13th Floor?

    A: Some buildings don't have a 13th floor because the number 13 is often considered unlucky. This superstition leads the architect or builder to skip this number and go straight from floor 12 to floor 14.
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  • Why Did They Build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: Why Did They Build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World Exhibition in Paris. The tower took over two years to build, and it was meant to last only through the World Exhibition. Gustave Eiffel, for whom the tower is named, engineered and oversaw construction of the tower.
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  • What Are the Pros and Cons of Graffiti?

    Q: What Are the Pros and Cons of Graffiti?

    A: Graffiti occupies a complicated and controversial zone between street art and vandalism, with artists arguing that it's a powerful form of art with roots in Andy Warhol, Keith Haring and Jean-Michael Basquiat, and detractors pointing out that it is illegal, a form of vandalism and heavily associated with gangs. Taggers and neighborhoods often come into conflict with each other.
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  • How Do You Build Strong Straw Towers?

    Q: How Do You Build Strong Straw Towers?

    A: Building a strong tower out of straws is an engineering project to learn about the stability of certain types of structures. For this project, you need 55 straws, masking tape and a pair of scissors. The task will take between one and two hours.
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  • Why Do Many Churches Have Stained Glass Windows?

    Q: Why Do Many Churches Have Stained Glass Windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
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  • When Was the Mall of America Built?

    Q: When Was the Mall of America Built?

    A: Construction on the Mall of America started in 1989 and was concluded in 1992. It is located in Bloomington, Minn. and was designed by the Triple Five Group.
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  • What Is a Roof Overhang Called?

    Q: What Is a Roof Overhang Called?

    A: A roof overhang is called an eave. An eave is the edge of a roof that projects beyond the face of a wall, providing protection from the elements.
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  • What's the Design Theme and Philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    Q: What's the Design Theme and Philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    A: Although Frank Gehry does not personally associate with the movement, critics primarily consider his design philosophy to be deconstructivism, an approach characterized by fragmentation and distortions of traditional structure, informed by his belief that all artists should be true to themselves. Gehry’s work is recognizable through his use of asymmetry, exaggerated proportions and unconventional materials. His designs have influence throughout architecture, interior design, art and fashion.
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