Architecture

A:

Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.

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  • Why Did They Build the Empire State Building?

    Q: Why Did They Build the Empire State Building?

    A: John Jacob Rascob built the Empire State Building because he was competing with other entrepreneurs to construct the tallest skyscraper in the world. His main competitor was Walter Chrysler, who was attempting to build the world's tallest building in New York City at the same time.
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  • What Are the Names of the Three Pyramids in Giza?

    Q: What Are the Names of the Three Pyramids in Giza?

    A: The three Egyptian pyramids known as the Giza Pyramids are Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. They are located on the Giza Plateau, outside of the modern city of El Giza, Egypt.
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  • When Was the Mall of America Built?

    Q: When Was the Mall of America Built?

    A: Construction on the Mall of America started in 1989 and was concluded in 1992. It is located in Bloomington, Minn. and was designed by the Triple Five Group.
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  • What's the Design Theme and Philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    Q: What's the Design Theme and Philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    A: Although Frank Gehry does not personally associate with the movement, critics primarily consider his design philosophy to be deconstructivism, an approach characterized by fragmentation and distortions of traditional structure, informed by his belief that all artists should be true to themselves. Gehry’s work is recognizable through his use of asymmetry, exaggerated proportions and unconventional materials. His designs have influence throughout architecture, interior design, art and fashion.
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  • Why Is the Golden Gate Bridge Famous?

    Q: Why Is the Golden Gate Bridge Famous?

    A: The Golden Gate Bridge is famous because it was the world's longest suspension bridge when it was first constructed in 1937 until November 21, 1964, when New York City opened its Verrazano–Narrows Bridge. The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge lost its place as the world's longest suspension bridge when the Humber Bridge opened in England on July 17, 1981.
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  • What Are the People That Design Buildings Called?

    Q: What Are the People That Design Buildings Called?

    A: Architects are professionals that design buildings. An architect meets with a government or private sector client to discuss goals and plans for a building. The architect then uses computer programs to develop drawings of the buildings, which are then used by construction companies to build the structure.
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  • What Materials Were Used to Construct the Taj Majal?

    Q: What Materials Were Used to Construct the Taj Majal?

    A: The Taj Majal was primarily made of white marble and red sandstone. Other construction materials used for the world-famous Indian monument include gray and yellow sandstone, black slate, different kinds of bricks, sweet limestone, reed glue and red clay. Molasses, curd, jute and fossilized soil were mixed with lime to serve as mortar and cementing material for the building.
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  • What Are the Different Types of Windmills?

    Q: What Are the Different Types of Windmills?

    A: Horizontal axis and vertical axis windmills are the two most widely used types of windmills. They have two or three blades that convert wind energy into rotational mechanical energy, which then powers an electricity generator.
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  • Why Did They Build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: Why Did They Build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World Exhibition in Paris. The tower took over two years to build, and it was meant to last only through the World Exhibition. Gustave Eiffel, for whom the tower is named, engineered and oversaw construction of the tower.
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  • Q: How Do Architects Use the Pythagorean Theorem?

    A: Architects use the Pythagorean theorem, which is expressed by the equation: a2 + b2 = c2, in designing and computing the measurements of building structures and bridges. One example involves roof design. A gable roof is made of two right triangles, where the base of one right triangle is called the run, the height is called the rise and the slope is called the rafter.
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  • What Was the Height of the Twin Towers?

    Q: What Was the Height of the Twin Towers?

    A: Although they were called "twins," the Twin Towers differed slightly in height, with one standing 1,368 feet tall and the other rising only to 1,362 feet tall, according to Skyscraper.org. Each building had 110 stories.
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  • Why Was the Hoover Dam Built?

    Q: Why Was the Hoover Dam Built?

    A: The Hoover Dam was built to irrigate and provide hydroelectric power to the states of California and Arizona. In addition, the Hoover Dam was built to control seasonal flooding of the Colorado River, which made settlement in the arid Southwest possible. The dam was built during the 1930s and was, at the time, one of the largest man-made structures.
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  • Why Do Many Churches Have Stained Glass Windows?

    Q: Why Do Many Churches Have Stained Glass Windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
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  • How Long Does It Take to Walk the Great Wall of China?

    Q: How Long Does It Take to Walk the Great Wall of China?

    A: The main Great Wall of China stretches approximately 5,500 miles along the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. Explorer experts state that it takes 18 months to walk its entire length. It was constructed during the Ming dynasty in the 14th and 15th century, and is sometimes called the Ming Wall.
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  • What Are Some Different Kinds of Bricks?

    Q: What Are Some Different Kinds of Bricks?

    A: Different types of bricks are adobe brick, clinker brick, common brick, engineering brick, face brick, fire brick, gauged brick, salmon or chuff brick, backing brick and blue brick. Different types of brick arise from using different materials or firing processes.
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  • What Are the Pros and Cons of Graffiti?

    Q: What Are the Pros and Cons of Graffiti?

    A: Graffiti occupies a complicated and controversial zone between street art and vandalism, with artists arguing that it's a powerful form of art with roots in Andy Warhol, Keith Haring and Jean-Michael Basquiat, and detractors pointing out that it is illegal, a form of vandalism and heavily associated with gangs. Taggers and neighborhoods often come into conflict with each other.
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  • What Is the Empire State Building Used For?

    Q: What Is the Empire State Building Used For?

    A: The Empire State Building is used for many things including office locations and as a popular tourist attraction. It stands 1,454 feet high and was built in 1931.
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  • What Does "chute" Mean?

    Q: What Does "chute" Mean?

    A: A "chute" is a channel or long rut that is used to move things from a higher plane to a lower plane. A chute can also be a water slide.
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  • What Are Some Facts About the Empire State Building?

    Q: What Are Some Facts About the Empire State Building?

    A: The Empire State Building stands is 1,250 feet above the ground, or 103 stories. The antenna adds an additional 204 feet to its height. The 86th floor observatory is 1,050 feet above ground, while the 102nd floor observatory is located at 1,224 feet. In fair weather, it is possible to see 80 miles into New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
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  • What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Arch Bridges?

    Q: What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Arch Bridges?

    A: A major advantage of arch bridges is the fact that they are structurally sound for short spans, while a major disadvantage includes the amount of building materials needed to construct an arch bridge, even if it is of short length. Other advantages of arch bridges include the inexpensive costs of building materials such as stone and brick, and the ability to build more arches to span a wider distance.
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  • What Material Is the Leaning Tower of Pisa Made Of?

    Q: What Material Is the Leaning Tower of Pisa Made Of?

    A: The leaning tower of Pisa is made of white marble quarried from mountains close to the town. The tower began its famous lean about the time that the second story had been built. It took 199 years to complete the tower.
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