Architecture

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Although they were called "twins," the Twin Towers differed slightly in height, with one standing 1,368 feet tall and the other rising only to 1,362 feet tall, according to Skyscraper.org. Each building had 110 stories.

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  • How does math relate to architecture?

    Q: How does math relate to architecture?

    A: Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.
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  • What is the difference between a vaulted and cathedral ceiling?

    Q: What is the difference between a vaulted and cathedral ceiling?

    A: The sides of cathedral ceilings have equal slopes, reach to the highest peak of the room, and attach to the roof trusses, whereas vaulted ceilings have unequal sides meeting at a room's high point. Vaulted ceilings are usually the result of walls of unequal height in the same room.
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  • What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    Q: What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    A: The Empire State Building stands is 1,250 feet above the ground, or 103 stories. The antenna adds an additional 204 feet to its height. The 86th floor observatory is 1,050 feet above ground, while the 102nd floor observatory is located at 1,224 feet. In fair weather, it is possible to see 80 miles into New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
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  • Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    Q: Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
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  • Q: How do architects use the Pythagorean theorem?

    A: Architects use the Pythagorean theorem, which is expressed by the equation: a2 + b2 = c2, in designing and computing the measurements of building structures and bridges. One example involves roof design. A gable roof is made of two right triangles, where the base of one right triangle is called the run, the height is called the rise and the slope is called the rafter.
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  • How much money did the Taj Mahal cost to build?

    Q: How much money did the Taj Mahal cost to build?

    A: Construction of the Taj Mahal cost more than 32 crore rupees, according to Tajmahal.org.uk, which in today's currency is more than $200 million dollars for the building and its surroundings. More than 20,000 workers contributed, and construction took place over a 22-year period from 1631 to 1653.
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  • What materials were used to construct the Taj Majal?

    Q: What materials were used to construct the Taj Majal?

    A: The Taj Majal was primarily made of white marble and red sandstone. Other construction materials used for the world-famous Indian monument include gray and yellow sandstone, black slate, different kinds of bricks, sweet limestone, reed glue and red clay. Molasses, curd, jute and fossilized soil were mixed with lime to serve as mortar and cementing material for the building.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    A: A major advantage of arch bridges is the fact that they are structurally sound for short spans, while a major disadvantage includes the amount of building materials needed to construct an arch bridge, even if it is of short length. Other advantages of arch bridges include the inexpensive costs of building materials such as stone and brick, and the ability to build more arches to span a wider distance.
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  • What is a roof overhang called?

    Q: What is a roof overhang called?

    A: A roof overhang is called an eave. An eave is the edge of a roof that projects beyond the face of a wall, providing protection from the elements.
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  • What are the people that design buildings called?

    Q: What are the people that design buildings called?

    A: Architects are professionals that design buildings. An architect meets with a government or private sector client to discuss goals and plans for a building. The architect then uses computer programs to develop drawings of the buildings, which are then used by construction companies to build the structure.
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  • What are the pros and cons of graffiti?

    Q: What are the pros and cons of graffiti?

    A: Graffiti occupies a complicated and controversial zone between street art and vandalism, with artists arguing that it's a powerful form of art with roots in Andy Warhol, Keith Haring and Jean-Michael Basquiat, and detractors pointing out that it is illegal, a form of vandalism and heavily associated with gangs. Taggers and neighborhoods often come into conflict with each other.
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  • Why is the Golden Gate Bridge famous?

    Q: Why is the Golden Gate Bridge famous?

    A: The Golden Gate Bridge is famous because it was the world's longest suspension bridge when it was first constructed in 1937 until November 21, 1964, when New York City opened its Verrazano–Narrows Bridge. The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge lost its place as the world's longest suspension bridge when the Humber Bridge opened in England on July 17, 1981.
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  • What are some different kinds of bricks?

    Q: What are some different kinds of bricks?

    A: Different types of bricks are adobe brick, clinker brick, common brick, engineering brick, face brick, fire brick, gauged brick, salmon or chuff brick, backing brick and blue brick. Different types of brick arise from using different materials or firing processes.
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  • How do you build strong straw towers?

    Q: How do you build strong straw towers?

    A: Building a strong tower out of straws is an engineering project to learn about the stability of certain types of structures. For this project, you need 55 straws, masking tape and a pair of scissors. The task will take between one and two hours.
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  • What is the Empire State Building used for?

    Q: What is the Empire State Building used for?

    A: The Empire State Building is used for many things including office locations and as a popular tourist attraction. It stands 1,454 feet high and was built in 1931.
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  • What was the height of the Twin Towers?

    Q: What was the height of the Twin Towers?

    A: Although they were called "twins," the Twin Towers differed slightly in height, with one standing 1,368 feet tall and the other rising only to 1,362 feet tall, according to Skyscraper.org. Each building had 110 stories.
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  • What is the difference between a villa and a house?

    Q: What is the difference between a villa and a house?

    A: Villa can be very similar to a house in that it can closely resemble a standard, single family home, but villas are also known for being luxurious, larger homes with their own gardens, vineyards or courtyards, hotel-like services and water fixtures, like pools and fountains. Because of this, villas are known as more private, elegant destinations for people who want to go on vacation, but prefer to not stay in a hotel, where the atmosphere can be impersonal.
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  • How tall is a two-story house?

    Q: How tall is a two-story house?

    A: The height of a two-story house depends on a number of factors. The bare minimum height is likely 16 feet, although most two-story houses are between 20 and 25 feet high.
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  • Why don't some buildings have a 13th floor?

    Q: Why don't some buildings have a 13th floor?

    A: Some buildings don't have a 13th floor because the number 13 is often considered unlucky. This superstition leads the architect or builder to skip this number and go straight from floor 12 to floor 14.
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  • Why did they build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: Why did they build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World Exhibition in Paris. The tower took over two years to build, and it was meant to last only through the World Exhibition. Gustave Eiffel, for whom the tower is named, engineered and oversaw construction of the tower.
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  • What is a rambler style home?

    Q: What is a rambler style home?

    A: A rambler style home is an L- or rectangle-shaped home that lacks decorative detailing on the outside and uses a minimal amount of interior walls in the effort to maximize each square foot of living space. Rambler style homes are also called ranch-style, California Ramblers, Western Ranch and American Ranch. Popularized in 1932 by architect Cliff May, rambler style homes experienced widespread popularity during World War II.
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