Architecture

A:

More than 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants were used in the construction of the Taj Mahal. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and took 20 years to complete. Workers came from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum made from white marble.

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  • How tall is a two-story house?

    Q: How tall is a two-story house?

    A: The height of a two-story house depends on a number of factors. The bare minimum height is likely 16 feet, although most two-story houses are between 20 and 25 feet high.
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  • Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    Q: Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
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  • What color was the Eiffel Tower originally painted?

    Q: What color was the Eiffel Tower originally painted?

    A: The 'original' color of the Eiffel Tower can be traced back to two different points: it was painted a brighter red shade called 'Venetian red' when its parts were first being fabricated in 1887-88 (prior to assembly), but it was painted a more subdued reddish-brown hue when it was constructed in 1889. Since its initial construction, this iconic landmark has been repainted an average of once every seven years. Its color has changed several times, starting off in the red color family, then moving to ochre yellow and finally settling in the specially formulated Eiffel Tower Brown that it has been painted since 1968.
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  • Why was Big Ben built?

    Q: Why was Big Ben built?

    A: Big Ben was built as part of a design decision in 1844 that the new Houses of Parliament should include a tower and a clock. The rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament was necessary after a fire in 1834 destroyed the old Palace of Westminster.
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  • What is the difference between a vaulted and cathedral ceiling?

    Q: What is the difference between a vaulted and cathedral ceiling?

    A: The sides of cathedral ceilings have equal slopes, reach to the highest peak of the room, and attach to the roof trusses, whereas vaulted ceilings have unequal sides meeting at a room's high point. Vaulted ceilings are usually the result of walls of unequal height in the same room.
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  • How many seats are at Madison Square Garden?

    Q: How many seats are at Madison Square Garden?

    A: The number of seats available varies per show, but the max seating of 19,812 is available during basketball games, as of 2017. With the exception of basketball, ice hockey and concerts, all seating maximums depend on the size of the event.
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  • Why don't some buildings have a 13th floor?

    Q: Why don't some buildings have a 13th floor?

    A: Some buildings don't have a 13th floor because the number 13 is often considered unlucky. This superstition leads the architect or builder to skip this number and go straight from floor 12 to floor 14.
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  • What is the Empire State Building used for?

    Q: What is the Empire State Building used for?

    A: The Empire State Building is used for many things including office locations and as a popular tourist attraction. It stands 1,454 feet high and was built in 1931.
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  • What are the different types of windmills?

    Q: What are the different types of windmills?

    A: Horizontal axis and vertical axis windmills are the two most widely used types of windmills. They have two or three blades that convert wind energy into rotational mechanical energy, which then powers an electricity generator.
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  • What materials were used to build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: What materials were used to build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: Materials used to construct the Eiffel Tower include wrought iron, steel and paint. Wrought iron forms the majority of the tower structure while steel provides additional support and paint adds aesthetic appeal along with protection from corrosion.
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  • How does math relate to architecture?

    Q: How does math relate to architecture?

    A: Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.
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  • What is the purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    Q: What is the purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    A: The purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge is to connect San Francisco to Marin County, Calif. Before the bridge opened in 1937, the only practical route between what is now Marin County and San Francisco was by ferry across San Francisco Bay. At the time, San Francisco was the largest U.S. city reached primarily by ferry.
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  • When was the Mall of America built?

    Q: When was the Mall of America built?

    A: Construction on the Mall of America started in 1989 and was concluded in 1992. It is located in Bloomington, Minn. and was designed by the Triple Five Group.
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  • What year was the Taj Mahal built?

    Q: What year was the Taj Mahal built?

    A: Although the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan first ordered the building of the Taj Mahal in 1632, it took 20 years or so to build it. Ustad Ahmad Lahouri was likely the architect that oversaw the majority of the work.
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  • In what year was the Lincoln Memorial built?

    Q: In what year was the Lincoln Memorial built?

    A: Construction on the Lincoln Memorial finished in 1922, according to the National Park Service. Congress had approved the memorial in 1910, and construction began in 1914. The first proposal for the monument was submitted in 1867.
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  • What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    Q: What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    A: The Empire State Building stands is 1,250 feet above the ground, or 103 stories. The antenna adds an additional 204 feet to its height. The 86th floor observatory is 1,050 feet above ground, while the 102nd floor observatory is located at 1,224 feet. In fair weather, it is possible to see 80 miles into New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
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  • What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    Q: What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    A: Although Frank Gehry does not personally associate with the movement, critics primarily consider his design philosophy to be deconstructivism, an approach characterized by fragmentation and distortions of traditional structure, informed by his belief that all artists should be true to themselves. Gehry’s work is recognizable through his use of asymmetry, exaggerated proportions and unconventional materials. His designs have influence throughout architecture, interior design, art and fashion.
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  • What materials were used to construct the Taj Majal?

    Q: What materials were used to construct the Taj Majal?

    A: The Taj Majal was primarily made of white marble and red sandstone. Other construction materials used for the world-famous Indian monument include gray and yellow sandstone, black slate, different kinds of bricks, sweet limestone, reed glue and red clay. Molasses, curd, jute and fossilized soil were mixed with lime to serve as mortar and cementing material for the building.
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  • What was the height of the Twin Towers?

    Q: What was the height of the Twin Towers?

    A: Although they were called "twins," the Twin Towers differed slightly in height, with one standing 1,368 feet tall and the other rising only to 1,362 feet tall, according to Skyscraper.org. Each building had 110 stories.
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  • What are the pros and cons of graffiti?

    Q: What are the pros and cons of graffiti?

    A: Graffiti occupies a complicated and controversial zone between street art and vandalism, with artists arguing that it's a powerful form of art with roots in Andy Warhol, Keith Haring and Jean-Michael Basquiat, and detractors pointing out that it is illegal, a form of vandalism and heavily associated with gangs. Taggers and neighborhoods often come into conflict with each other.
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  • Q: How do architects use the Pythagorean theorem?

    A: Architects use the Pythagorean theorem, which is expressed by the equation: a2 + b2 = c2, in designing and computing the measurements of building structures and bridges. One example involves roof design. A gable roof is made of two right triangles, where the base of one right triangle is called the run, the height is called the rise and the slope is called the rafter.
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