Architecture

A:

Although they were called "twins," the Twin Towers differed slightly in height, with one standing 1,368 feet tall and the other rising only to 1,362 feet tall, according to Skyscraper.org. Each building had 110 stories.

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  • Why did they build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: Why did they build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World Exhibition in Paris. The tower took over two years to build, and it was meant to last only through the World Exhibition. Gustave Eiffel, for whom the tower is named, engineered and oversaw construction of the tower.
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  • How many people did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

    Q: How many people did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

    A: More than 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants were used in the construction of the Taj Mahal. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and took 20 years to complete. Workers came from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum made from white marble.
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  • What does "chute" mean?

    Q: What does "chute" mean?

    A: A "chute" is a channel or long rut that is used to move things from a higher plane to a lower plane. A chute can also be a water slide.
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  • What was the height of the Twin Towers?

    Q: What was the height of the Twin Towers?

    A: Although they were called "twins," the Twin Towers differed slightly in height, with one standing 1,368 feet tall and the other rising only to 1,362 feet tall, according to Skyscraper.org. Each building had 110 stories.
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  • Why did they build the Empire State Building?

    Q: Why did they build the Empire State Building?

    A: John Jacob Rascob built the Empire State Building because he was competing with other entrepreneurs to construct the tallest skyscraper in the world. His main competitor was Walter Chrysler, who was attempting to build the world's tallest building in New York City at the same time.
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  • What is the difference between a vaulted and cathedral ceiling?

    Q: What is the difference between a vaulted and cathedral ceiling?

    A: The sides of cathedral ceilings have equal slopes, reach to the highest peak of the room, and attach to the roof trusses, whereas vaulted ceilings have unequal sides meeting at a room's high point. Vaulted ceilings are usually the result of walls of unequal height in the same room.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    A: A major advantage of arch bridges is the fact that they are structurally sound for short spans, while a major disadvantage includes the amount of building materials needed to construct an arch bridge, even if it is of short length. Other advantages of arch bridges include the inexpensive costs of building materials such as stone and brick, and the ability to build more arches to span a wider distance.
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  • When was the Mall of America built?

    Q: When was the Mall of America built?

    A: Construction on the Mall of America started in 1989 and was concluded in 1992. It is located in Bloomington, Minn. and was designed by the Triple Five Group.
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  • How many seats are at Madison Square Garden?

    Q: How many seats are at Madison Square Garden?

    A: The number of seats available varies per show, but the max seating of 19,763 is available during basketball games, as of 2014. With the exception of basketball, ice hockey and concerts, all seating maximums depend on the size of the event.
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  • What is a multi-story building?

    Q: What is a multi-story building?

    A: A multi-story building is a building that supports two or more floors above ground. There is no formal restriction on the height of such a building or the number of floors a multi-story building may contain, though taller buildings do face more practical difficulties.
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  • When was the Art Deco era?

    Q: When was the Art Deco era?

    A: The eclectic design and artistic style known as Art Deco thrived throughout Europe and the United States from 1908 through 1935. It gained serious momentum shortly after World War I concluded in 1918. The style began in Paris before fanning out into the rest of the continent and across the Atlantic.
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  • What is the purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    Q: What is the purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    A: The purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge is to connect San Francisco to Marin County, Calif. Before the bridge opened in 1937, the only practical route between what is now Marin County and San Francisco was by ferry across San Francisco Bay. At the time, San Francisco was the largest U.S. city reached primarily by ferry.
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  • What are the names of the three pyramids in Giza?

    Q: What are the names of the three pyramids in Giza?

    A: The three Egyptian pyramids known as the Giza Pyramids are Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. They are located on the Giza Plateau, outside of the modern city of El Giza, Egypt.
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  • What is a rambler style home?

    Q: What is a rambler style home?

    A: A rambler style home is an L- or rectangle-shaped home that lacks decorative detailing on the outside and uses a minimal amount of interior walls in the effort to maximize each square foot of living space. Rambler style homes are also called ranch-style, California Ramblers, Western Ranch and American Ranch. Popularized in 1932 by architect Cliff May, rambler style homes experienced widespread popularity during World War II.
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  • What year was the Taj Mahal built?

    Q: What year was the Taj Mahal built?

    A: Although the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan first ordered the building of the Taj Mahal in 1632, it took 20 years or so to build it. Ustad Ahmad Lahouri was likely the architect that oversaw the majority of the work.
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  • What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    Q: What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    A: Although Frank Gehry does not personally associate with the movement, critics primarily consider his design philosophy to be deconstructivism, an approach characterized by fragmentation and distortions of traditional structure, informed by his belief that all artists should be true to themselves. Gehry’s work is recognizable through his use of asymmetry, exaggerated proportions and unconventional materials. His designs have influence throughout architecture, interior design, art and fashion.
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  • What materials were used to build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: What materials were used to build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: Materials used to construct the Eiffel Tower include wrought iron, steel and paint. Wrought iron forms the majority of the tower structure while steel provides additional support and paint adds aesthetic appeal along with protection from corrosion.
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  • What is the difference between a villa and a house?

    Q: What is the difference between a villa and a house?

    A: Villa can be very similar to a house in that it can closely resemble a standard, single family home, but villas are also known for being luxurious, larger homes with their own gardens, vineyards or courtyards, hotel-like services and water fixtures, like pools and fountains. Because of this, villas are known as more private, elegant destinations for people who want to go on vacation, but prefer to not stay in a hotel, where the atmosphere can be impersonal.
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  • What are some different kinds of bricks?

    Q: What are some different kinds of bricks?

    A: Different types of bricks are adobe brick, clinker brick, common brick, engineering brick, face brick, fire brick, gauged brick, salmon or chuff brick, backing brick and blue brick. Different types of brick arise from using different materials or firing processes.
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  • What are the different types of windmills?

    Q: What are the different types of windmills?

    A: Horizontal axis and vertical axis windmills are the two most widely used types of windmills as of 2014. They have two or three blades that convert wind energy into rotational mechanical energy, which then powers an electricity generator.
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  • Why was Big Ben built?

    Q: Why was Big Ben built?

    A: Big Ben was built as part of a design decision in 1844 that the new Houses of Parliament should include a tower and a clock. The rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament was necessary after a fire in 1834 destroyed the old Palace of Westminster.
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