Architecture

A:

The Golden Gate Bridge is famous because it was the world's longest suspension bridge when it was first constructed in 1937 until November 21, 1964, when New York City opened its Verrazano–Narrows Bridge. The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge lost its place as the world's longest suspension bridge when the Humber Bridge opened in England on July 17, 1981.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What Color Was the Eiffel Tower Originally Painted?

    Q: What Color Was the Eiffel Tower Originally Painted?

    A: The 'original' color of the Eiffel Tower can be traced back to two different points: it was painted a brighter red shade called 'Venetian red' when its parts were first being fabricated in 1887-88 (prior to assembly), but it was painted a more subdued reddish-brown hue when it was constructed in 1889. Since its initial construction, this iconic landmark has been repainted an average of once every seven years. Its color has changed several times, starting off in the red color family, then moving to ochre yellow and finally settling in the specially formulated Eiffel Tower Brown that it has been painted since 1968.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • When Was the Art Deco Era?

    Q: When Was the Art Deco Era?

    A: The eclectic design and artistic style known as Art Deco thrived throughout Europe and the United States from 1908 through 1935. It gained serious momentum shortly after World War I concluded in 1918. The style began in Paris before fanning out into the rest of the continent and across the Atlantic.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Superstructure of a Building?

    Q: What Is the Superstructure of a Building?

    A: The superstructure of a building is the part that is entirely above its foundation or basement. It is the part of the building that is above ground level, and it usually serves the purpose of the building's intended use.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Empire State Building Used For?

    Q: What Is the Empire State Building Used For?

    A: The Empire State Building is used for many things including office locations and as a popular tourist attraction. It stands 1,454 feet high and was built in 1931.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is an Assembly Drawing?

    Q: What Is an Assembly Drawing?

    A: An assembly drawing is a technical drawing that uses action illustrations to show how parts fit together. Multiple drawings are used together in sequential sets to give a reader instruction on how a product is assembled.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How Much Money Did the Taj Mahal Cost to Build?

    Q: How Much Money Did the Taj Mahal Cost to Build?

    A: Construction of the Taj Mahal cost more than 32 crore rupees, according to Tajmahal.org.uk, which in today's currency is more than $200 million dollars for the building and its surroundings. More than 20,000 workers contributed, and construction took place over a 22-year period from 1631 to 1653.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: How Do Architects Use the Pythagorean Theorem?

    A: Architects use the Pythagorean theorem, which is expressed by the equation: a2 + b2 = c2, in designing and computing the measurements of building structures and bridges. One example involves roof design. A gable roof is made of two right triangles, where the base of one right triangle is called the run, the height is called the rise and the slope is called the rafter.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why Do Many Churches Have Stained Glass Windows?

    Q: Why Do Many Churches Have Stained Glass Windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Does "chute" Mean?

    Q: What Does "chute" Mean?

    A: A "chute" is a channel or long rut that is used to move things from a higher plane to a lower plane. A chute can also be a water slide.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How Does Math Relate to Architecture?

    Q: How Does Math Relate to Architecture?

    A: Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Was the Height of the Twin Towers?

    Q: What Was the Height of the Twin Towers?

    A: Although they were called "twins," the Twin Towers differed slightly in height, with one standing 1,368 feet tall and the other rising only to 1,362 feet tall, according to Skyscraper.org. Each building had 110 stories.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are the Different Types of Windmills?

    Q: What Are the Different Types of Windmills?

    A: Horizontal axis and vertical axis windmills are the two most widely used types of windmills. They have two or three blades that convert wind energy into rotational mechanical energy, which then powers an electricity generator.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is a Rambler Style Home?

    Q: What Is a Rambler Style Home?

    A: A rambler style home is an L- or rectangle-shaped home that lacks decorative detailing on the outside and uses a minimal amount of interior walls in the effort to maximize each square foot of living space. Rambler style homes are also called ranch-style, California Ramblers, Western Ranch and American Ranch. Popularized in 1932 by architect Cliff May, rambler style homes experienced widespread popularity during World War II.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Difference Between Viaduct and Bridge?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between Viaduct and Bridge?

    A: Viaducts are types of bridges; the term “viaduct” refers to long bridges or series of bridges that are connected to one another or structurally supported by arches or sturdy platforms between two end towers. As with bridges, viaducts may cross waterways or roadways, and exist primarily to provide an overhead passage to move trucks, cars, trains and pedestrians from one point to another.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why Did They Build the Empire State Building?

    Q: Why Did They Build the Empire State Building?

    A: John Jacob Rascob built the Empire State Building because he was competing with other entrepreneurs to construct the tallest skyscraper in the world. His main competitor was Walter Chrysler, who was attempting to build the world's tallest building in New York City at the same time.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Materials Were Used to Construct the Taj Majal?

    Q: What Materials Were Used to Construct the Taj Majal?

    A: The Taj Majal was primarily made of white marble and red sandstone. Other construction materials used for the world-famous Indian monument include gray and yellow sandstone, black slate, different kinds of bricks, sweet limestone, reed glue and red clay. Molasses, curd, jute and fossilized soil were mixed with lime to serve as mortar and cementing material for the building.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How Long Does It Take to Walk the Great Wall of China?

    Q: How Long Does It Take to Walk the Great Wall of China?

    A: The main Great Wall of China stretches approximately 5,500 miles along the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. Explorer experts state that it takes 18 months to walk its entire length. It was constructed during the Ming dynasty in the 14th and 15th century, and is sometimes called the Ming Wall.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Is the Purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    Q: What Is the Purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    A: The purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge is to connect San Francisco to Marin County, Calif. Before the bridge opened in 1937, the only practical route between what is now Marin County and San Francisco was by ferry across San Francisco Bay. At the time, San Francisco was the largest U.S. city reached primarily by ferry.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What Are Some Different Kinds of Bricks?

    Q: What Are Some Different Kinds of Bricks?

    A: Different types of bricks are adobe brick, clinker brick, common brick, engineering brick, face brick, fire brick, gauged brick, salmon or chuff brick, backing brick and blue brick. Different types of brick arise from using different materials or firing processes.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • In What Year Was the Lincoln Memorial Built?

    Q: In What Year Was the Lincoln Memorial Built?

    A: Construction on the Lincoln Memorial finished in 1922, according to the National Park Service. Congress had approved the memorial in 1910, and construction began in 1914. The first proposal for the monument was submitted in 1867.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why Was Big Ben Built?

    Q: Why Was Big Ben Built?

    A: Big Ben was built as part of a design decision in 1844 that the new Houses of Parliament should include a tower and a clock. The rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament was necessary after a fire in 1834 destroyed the old Palace of Westminster.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:

Explore Art & Literature