Architecture

A:

Although they were called "twins," the Twin Towers differed slightly in height, with one standing 1,368 feet tall and the other rising only to 1,362 feet tall, according to Skyscraper.org. Each building had 110 stories.

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  • What are the people that design buildings called?

    Q: What are the people that design buildings called?

    A: Architects are professionals that design buildings. An architect meets with a government or private sector client to discuss goals and plans for a building. The architect then uses computer programs to develop drawings of the buildings, which are then used by construction companies to build the structure.
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  • What year was the Taj Mahal built?

    Q: What year was the Taj Mahal built?

    A: Although the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan first ordered the building of the Taj Mahal in 1632, it took 20 years or so to build it. Ustad Ahmad Lahouri was likely the architect that oversaw the majority of the work.
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  • Why did they build the Empire State Building?

    Q: Why did they build the Empire State Building?

    A: John Jacob Rascob built the Empire State Building because he was competing with other entrepreneurs to construct the tallest skyscraper in the world. His main competitor was Walter Chrysler, who was attempting to build the world's tallest building in New York City at the same time.
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  • Why was Big Ben built?

    Q: Why was Big Ben built?

    A: Big Ben was built as part of a design decision in 1844 that the new Houses of Parliament should include a tower and a clock. The rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament was necessary after a fire in 1834 destroyed the old Palace of Westminster.
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  • Q: How do architects use the Pythagorean theorem?

    A: Architects use the Pythagorean theorem, which is expressed by the equation: a2 + b2 = c2, in designing and computing the measurements of building structures and bridges. One example involves roof design. A gable roof is made of two right triangles, where the base of one right triangle is called the run, the height is called the rise and the slope is called the rafter.
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  • What is the superstructure of a building?

    Q: What is the superstructure of a building?

    A: The superstructure of a building is the part that is entirely above its foundation or basement. It is the part of the building that is above ground level, and it usually serves the purpose of the building's intended use.
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  • How much money did the Taj Mahal cost to build?

    Q: How much money did the Taj Mahal cost to build?

    A: Construction of the Taj Mahal cost more than 32 crore rupees, according to Tajmahal.org.uk, which in today's currency is more than $200 million dollars for the building and its surroundings. More than 20,000 workers contributed, and construction took place over a 22-year period from 1631 to 1653.
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  • What material is the Leaning Tower of Pisa made of?

    Q: What material is the Leaning Tower of Pisa made of?

    A: The leaning tower of Pisa is made of white marble quarried from mountains close to the town. The tower began its famous lean about the time that the second story had been built. It took 199 years to complete the tower.
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  • What is an assembly drawing?

    Q: What is an assembly drawing?

    A: An assembly drawing is a technical drawing that uses action illustrations to show how parts fit together. Multiple drawings are used together in sequential sets to give a reader instruction on how a product is assembled.
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  • What is a rambler style home?

    Q: What is a rambler style home?

    A: A rambler style home is an L- or rectangle-shaped home that lacks decorative detailing on the outside and uses a minimal amount of interior walls in the effort to maximize each square foot of living space. Rambler style homes are also called ranch-style, California Ramblers, Western Ranch and American Ranch. Popularized in 1932 by architect Cliff May, rambler style homes experienced widespread popularity during World War II.
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  • What is the purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    Q: What is the purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    A: The purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge is to connect San Francisco to Marin County, Calif. Before the bridge opened in 1937, the only practical route between what is now Marin County and San Francisco was by ferry across San Francisco Bay. At the time, San Francisco was the largest U.S. city reached primarily by ferry.
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  • What does "chute" mean?

    Q: What does "chute" mean?

    A: A "chute" is a channel or long rut that is used to move things from a higher plane to a lower plane. A chute can also be a water slide.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    A: A major advantage of arch bridges is the fact that they are structurally sound for short spans, while a major disadvantage includes the amount of building materials needed to construct an arch bridge, even if it is of short length. Other advantages of arch bridges include the inexpensive costs of building materials such as stone and brick, and the ability to build more arches to span a wider distance.
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  • Why was the Hoover Dam built?

    Q: Why was the Hoover Dam built?

    A: The Hoover Dam was built to irrigate and provide hydroelectric power to the states of California and Arizona. In addition, the Hoover Dam was built to control seasonal flooding of the Colorado River, which made settlement in the arid Southwest possible. The dam was built during the 1930s and was, at the time, one of the largest man-made structures.
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  • What are the pros and cons of graffiti?

    Q: What are the pros and cons of graffiti?

    A: Graffiti occupies a complicated and controversial zone between street art and vandalism, with artists arguing that it's a powerful form of art with roots in Andy Warhol, Keith Haring and Jean-Michael Basquiat, and detractors pointing out that it is illegal, a form of vandalism and heavily associated with gangs. Taggers and neighborhoods often come into conflict with each other.
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  • How many people did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

    Q: How many people did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

    A: More than 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants were used in the construction of the Taj Mahal. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and took 20 years to complete. Workers came from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum made from white marble.
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  • What are the different types of windmills?

    Q: What are the different types of windmills?

    A: Horizontal axis and vertical axis windmills are the two most widely used types of windmills as of 2014. They have two or three blades that convert wind energy into rotational mechanical energy, which then powers an electricity generator.
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  • What are the names of the three pyramids in Giza?

    Q: What are the names of the three pyramids in Giza?

    A: The three Egyptian pyramids known as the Giza Pyramids are Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. They are located on the Giza Plateau, outside of the modern city of El Giza, Egypt.
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  • What is the difference between viaduct and bridge?

    Q: What is the difference between viaduct and bridge?

    A: Viaducts are types of bridges; the term “viaduct” refers to long bridges or series of bridges that are connected to one another or structurally supported by arches or sturdy platforms between two end towers. As with bridges, viaducts may cross waterways or roadways, and exist primarily to provide an overhead passage to move trucks, cars, trains and pedestrians from one point to another.
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  • What materials were used to construct the Taj Majal?

    Q: What materials were used to construct the Taj Majal?

    A: The Taj Majal was primarily made of white marble and red sandstone. Other construction materials used for the world-famous Indian monument include gray and yellow sandstone, black slate, different kinds of bricks, sweet limestone, reed glue and red clay. Molasses, curd, jute and fossilized soil were mixed with lime to serve as mortar and cementing material for the building.
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  • When was the Art Deco era?

    Q: When was the Art Deco era?

    A: The eclectic design and artistic style known as Art Deco thrived throughout Europe and the United States from 1908 through 1935. It gained serious momentum shortly after World War I concluded in 1918. The style began in Paris before fanning out into the rest of the continent and across the Atlantic.
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