Architecture

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The main Great Wall of China stretches approximately 5,500 miles along the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. Explorer experts state that it takes 18 months to walk its entire length. It was constructed during the Ming dynasty in the 14th and 15th century, and is sometimes called the Ming Wall.

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  • When was the Mall of America built?

    Q: When was the Mall of America built?

    A: Construction on the Mall of America started in 1989 and was concluded in 1992. It is located in Bloomington, Minn. and was designed by the Triple Five Group.
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  • What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    Q: What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    A: Although Frank Gehry does not personally associate with the movement, critics primarily consider his design philosophy to be deconstructivism, an approach characterized by fragmentation and distortions of traditional structure, informed by his belief that all artists should be true to themselves. Gehry’s work is recognizable through his use of asymmetry, exaggerated proportions and unconventional materials. His designs have influence throughout architecture, interior design, art and fashion.
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  • How does math relate to architecture?

    Q: How does math relate to architecture?

    A: Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.
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  • What materials were used to build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: What materials were used to build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: Materials used to construct the Eiffel Tower include wrought iron, steel and paint. Wrought iron forms the majority of the tower structure while steel provides additional support and paint adds aesthetic appeal along with protection from corrosion.
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  • Why was the Hoover Dam built?

    Q: Why was the Hoover Dam built?

    A: The Hoover Dam was built to irrigate and provide hydroelectric power to the states of California and Arizona. In addition, the Hoover Dam was built to control seasonal flooding of the Colorado River, which made settlement in the arid Southwest possible. The dam was built during the 1930s and was, at the time, one of the largest man-made structures.
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  • Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    Q: Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
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  • What is a multi-story building?

    Q: What is a multi-story building?

    A: A multi-story building is a building that supports two or more floors above ground. There is no formal restriction on the height of such a building or the number of floors a multi-story building may contain, though taller buildings do face more practical difficulties.
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  • What is the superstructure of a building?

    Q: What is the superstructure of a building?

    A: The superstructure of a building is the part that is entirely above its foundation or basement. It is the part of the building that is above ground level, and it usually serves the purpose of the building's intended use.
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  • What material is the Leaning Tower of Pisa made of?

    Q: What material is the Leaning Tower of Pisa made of?

    A: The leaning tower of Pisa is made of white marble quarried from mountains close to the town. The tower began its famous lean about the time that the second story had been built. It took 199 years to complete the tower.
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  • What does "chute" mean?

    Q: What does "chute" mean?

    A: A "chute" is a channel or long rut that is used to move things from a higher plane to a lower plane. A chute can also be a water slide.
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  • What is the difference between a vaulted and cathedral ceiling?

    Q: What is the difference between a vaulted and cathedral ceiling?

    A: The sides of cathedral ceilings have equal slopes, reach to the highest peak of the room, and attach to the roof trusses, whereas vaulted ceilings have unequal sides meeting at a room's high point. Vaulted ceilings are usually the result of walls of unequal height in the same room.
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  • What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    Q: What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    A: The Empire State Building stands is 1,250 feet above the ground, or 103 stories. The antenna adds an additional 204 feet to its height. The 86th floor observatory is 1,050 feet above ground, while the 102nd floor observatory is located at 1,224 feet. In fair weather, it is possible to see 80 miles into New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
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  • How long does it take to walk the Great Wall of China?

    Q: How long does it take to walk the Great Wall of China?

    A: The main Great Wall of China stretches approximately 5,500 miles along the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. Explorer experts state that it takes 18 months to walk its entire length. It was constructed during the Ming dynasty in the 14th and 15th century, and is sometimes called the Ming Wall.
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  • Why did they build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: Why did they build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World Exhibition in Paris. The tower took over two years to build, and it was meant to last only through the World Exhibition. Gustave Eiffel, for whom the tower is named, engineered and oversaw construction of the tower.
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  • What is the Empire State Building used for?

    Q: What is the Empire State Building used for?

    A: The Empire State Building is used for many things including office locations and as a popular tourist attraction. It stands 1,454 feet high and was built in 1931.
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  • What is the difference between a villa and a house?

    Q: What is the difference between a villa and a house?

    A: Villa can be very similar to a house in that it can closely resemble a standard, single family home, but villas are also known for being luxurious, larger homes with their own gardens, vineyards or courtyards, hotel-like services and water fixtures, like pools and fountains. Because of this, villas are known as more private, elegant destinations for people who want to go on vacation, but prefer to not stay in a hotel, where the atmosphere can be impersonal.
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  • How many people did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

    Q: How many people did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

    A: More than 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants were used in the construction of the Taj Mahal. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and took 20 years to complete. Workers came from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum made from white marble.
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  • How do you build strong straw towers?

    Q: How do you build strong straw towers?

    A: Building a strong tower out of straws is an engineering project to learn about the stability of certain types of structures. For this project, you need 55 straws, masking tape and a pair of scissors. The task will take between one and two hours.
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  • How many seats are at Madison Square Garden?

    Q: How many seats are at Madison Square Garden?

    A: The number of seats available varies per show, but the max seating of 19,763 is available during basketball games, as of 2014. With the exception of basketball, ice hockey and concerts, all seating maximums depend on the size of the event.
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  • Why was Big Ben built?

    Q: Why was Big Ben built?

    A: Big Ben was built as part of a design decision in 1844 that the new Houses of Parliament should include a tower and a clock. The rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament was necessary after a fire in 1834 destroyed the old Palace of Westminster.
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  • What color was the Eiffel Tower originally painted?

    Q: What color was the Eiffel Tower originally painted?

    A: The 'original' color of the Eiffel Tower can be traced back to two different points: it was painted a brighter red shade called 'Venetian red' when its parts were first being fabricated in 1887-88 (prior to assembly), but it was painted a more subdued reddish-brown hue when it was constructed in 1889. Since its initial construction, this iconic landmark has been repainted an average of once every seven years, or a total 18 times as of 2014. Its color has changed several times, starting off in the red color family, then moving to ochre yellow and finally settling in the specially formulated Eiffel Tower Brown that it has been painted since 1968.
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