Architecture

A:

John Jacob Rascob built the Empire State Building because he was competing with other entrepreneurs to construct the tallest skyscraper in the world. His main competitor was Walter Chrysler, who was attempting to build the world's tallest building in New York City at the same time.

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  • When Was the Mall of America Built?

    Q: When Was the Mall of America Built?

    A: Construction on the Mall of America started in 1989 and was concluded in 1992. It is located in Bloomington, Minn. and was designed by the Triple Five Group.
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  • What Are Some Facts About the Empire State Building?

    Q: What Are Some Facts About the Empire State Building?

    A: The Empire State Building stands is 1,250 feet above the ground, or 103 stories. The antenna adds an additional 204 feet to its height. The 86th floor observatory is 1,050 feet above ground, while the 102nd floor observatory is located at 1,224 feet. In fair weather, it is possible to see 80 miles into New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
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  • What Materials Were Used to Construct the Taj Majal?

    Q: What Materials Were Used to Construct the Taj Majal?

    A: The Taj Majal was primarily made of white marble and red sandstone. Other construction materials used for the world-famous Indian monument include gray and yellow sandstone, black slate, different kinds of bricks, sweet limestone, reed glue and red clay. Molasses, curd, jute and fossilized soil were mixed with lime to serve as mortar and cementing material for the building.
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  • Why Is the Golden Gate Bridge Famous?

    Q: Why Is the Golden Gate Bridge Famous?

    A: The Golden Gate Bridge is famous because it was the world's longest suspension bridge when it was first constructed in 1937 until November 21, 1964, when New York City opened its Verrazano–Narrows Bridge. The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge lost its place as the world's longest suspension bridge when the Humber Bridge opened in England on July 17, 1981.
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  • What Is the Difference Between a Villa and a House?

    Q: What Is the Difference Between a Villa and a House?

    A: Villa can be very similar to a house in that it can closely resemble a standard, single family home, but villas are also known for being luxurious, larger homes with their own gardens, vineyards or courtyards, hotel-like services and water fixtures, like pools and fountains. Because of this, villas are known as more private, elegant destinations for people who want to go on vacation, but prefer to not stay in a hotel, where the atmosphere can be impersonal.
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  • What Color Was the Eiffel Tower Originally Painted?

    Q: What Color Was the Eiffel Tower Originally Painted?

    A: The 'original' color of the Eiffel Tower can be traced back to two different points: it was painted a brighter red shade called 'Venetian red' when its parts were first being fabricated in 1887-88 (prior to assembly), but it was painted a more subdued reddish-brown hue when it was constructed in 1889. Since its initial construction, this iconic landmark has been repainted an average of once every seven years. Its color has changed several times, starting off in the red color family, then moving to ochre yellow and finally settling in the specially formulated Eiffel Tower Brown that it has been painted since 1968.
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  • What Are the Names of the Three Pyramids in Giza?

    Q: What Are the Names of the Three Pyramids in Giza?

    A: The three Egyptian pyramids known as the Giza Pyramids are Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. They are located on the Giza Plateau, outside of the modern city of El Giza, Egypt.
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  • Why Don't Some Buildings Have a 13th Floor?

    Q: Why Don't Some Buildings Have a 13th Floor?

    A: Some buildings don't have a 13th floor because the number 13 is often considered unlucky. This superstition leads the architect or builder to skip this number and go straight from floor 12 to floor 14.
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  • Why Was Big Ben Built?

    Q: Why Was Big Ben Built?

    A: Big Ben was built as part of a design decision in 1844 that the new Houses of Parliament should include a tower and a clock. The rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament was necessary after a fire in 1834 destroyed the old Palace of Westminster.
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  • What Materials Were Used to Build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: What Materials Were Used to Build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: Materials used to construct the Eiffel Tower include wrought iron, steel and paint. Wrought iron forms the majority of the tower structure while steel provides additional support and paint adds aesthetic appeal along with protection from corrosion.
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  • What Is a Roof Overhang Called?

    Q: What Is a Roof Overhang Called?

    A: A roof overhang is called an eave. An eave is the edge of a roof that projects beyond the face of a wall, providing protection from the elements.
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  • What Are Some Different Kinds of Bricks?

    Q: What Are Some Different Kinds of Bricks?

    A: Different types of bricks are adobe brick, clinker brick, common brick, engineering brick, face brick, fire brick, gauged brick, salmon or chuff brick, backing brick and blue brick. Different types of brick arise from using different materials or firing processes.
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  • In What Year Was the Lincoln Memorial Built?

    Q: In What Year Was the Lincoln Memorial Built?

    A: Construction on the Lincoln Memorial finished in 1922, according to the National Park Service. Congress had approved the memorial in 1910, and construction began in 1914. The first proposal for the monument was submitted in 1867.
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  • What Is a Rambler Style Home?

    Q: What Is a Rambler Style Home?

    A: A rambler style home is an L- or rectangle-shaped home that lacks decorative detailing on the outside and uses a minimal amount of interior walls in the effort to maximize each square foot of living space. Rambler style homes are also called ranch-style, California Ramblers, Western Ranch and American Ranch. Popularized in 1932 by architect Cliff May, rambler style homes experienced widespread popularity during World War II.
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  • What's the Design Theme and Philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    Q: What's the Design Theme and Philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    A: Although Frank Gehry does not personally associate with the movement, critics primarily consider his design philosophy to be deconstructivism, an approach characterized by fragmentation and distortions of traditional structure, informed by his belief that all artists should be true to themselves. Gehry’s work is recognizable through his use of asymmetry, exaggerated proportions and unconventional materials. His designs have influence throughout architecture, interior design, art and fashion.
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  • What Is a Multi-Story Building?

    Q: What Is a Multi-Story Building?

    A: A multi-story building is a building that supports two or more floors above ground. There is no formal restriction on the height of such a building or the number of floors a multi-story building may contain, though taller buildings do face more practical difficulties.
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  • Why Do Many Churches Have Stained Glass Windows?

    Q: Why Do Many Churches Have Stained Glass Windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
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  • What Is the Purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    Q: What Is the Purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    A: The purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge is to connect San Francisco to Marin County, Calif. Before the bridge opened in 1937, the only practical route between what is now Marin County and San Francisco was by ferry across San Francisco Bay. At the time, San Francisco was the largest U.S. city reached primarily by ferry.
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  • Why Did They Build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: Why Did They Build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World Exhibition in Paris. The tower took over two years to build, and it was meant to last only through the World Exhibition. Gustave Eiffel, for whom the tower is named, engineered and oversaw construction of the tower.
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  • What Is the Superstructure of a Building?

    Q: What Is the Superstructure of a Building?

    A: The superstructure of a building is the part that is entirely above its foundation or basement. It is the part of the building that is above ground level, and it usually serves the purpose of the building's intended use.
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  • What Material Is the Leaning Tower of Pisa Made Of?

    Q: What Material Is the Leaning Tower of Pisa Made Of?

    A: The leaning tower of Pisa is made of white marble quarried from mountains close to the town. The tower began its famous lean about the time that the second story had been built. It took 199 years to complete the tower.
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