Architecture

A:

John Jacob Rascob built the Empire State Building because he was competing with other entrepreneurs to construct the tallest skyscraper in the world. His main competitor was Walter Chrysler, who was attempting to build the world's tallest building in New York City at the same time.

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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    A: A major advantage of arch bridges is the fact that they are structurally sound for short spans, while a major disadvantage includes the amount of building materials needed to construct an arch bridge, even if it is of short length. Other advantages of arch bridges include the inexpensive costs of building materials such as stone and brick, and the ability to build more arches to span a wider distance.
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  • Q: How do architects use the Pythagorean theorem?

    A: Architects use the Pythagorean theorem, which is expressed by the equation: a2 + b2 = c2, in designing and computing the measurements of building structures and bridges. One example involves roof design. A gable roof is made of two right triangles, where the base of one right triangle is called the run, the height is called the rise and the slope is called the rafter.
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  • In what year was the Lincoln Memorial built?

    Q: In what year was the Lincoln Memorial built?

    A: Construction on the Lincoln Memorial finished in 1922, according to the National Park Service. Congress had approved the memorial in 1910, and construction began in 1914. The first proposal for the monument was submitted in 1867.
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  • When was the Art Deco era?

    Q: When was the Art Deco era?

    A: The eclectic design and artistic style known as Art Deco thrived throughout Europe and the United States from 1908 through 1935. It gained serious momentum shortly after World War I concluded in 1918. The style began in Paris before fanning out into the rest of the continent and across the Atlantic.
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  • What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    Q: What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    A: The Empire State Building stands is 1,250 feet above the ground, or 103 stories. The antenna adds an additional 204 feet to its height. The 86th floor observatory is 1,050 feet above ground, while the 102nd floor observatory is located at 1,224 feet. In fair weather, it is possible to see 80 miles into New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
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  • What is a multi-story building?

    Q: What is a multi-story building?

    A: A multi-story building is a building that supports two or more floors above ground. There is no formal restriction on the height of such a building or the number of floors a multi-story building may contain, though taller buildings do face more practical difficulties.
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  • What materials were used to build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: What materials were used to build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: Materials used to construct the Eiffel Tower include wrought iron, steel and paint. Wrought iron forms the majority of the tower structure while steel provides additional support and paint adds aesthetic appeal along with protection from corrosion.
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  • Why is the Golden Gate Bridge famous?

    Q: Why is the Golden Gate Bridge famous?

    A: The Golden Gate Bridge is famous because it was the world's longest suspension bridge when it was first constructed in 1937 until November 21, 1964, when New York City opened its Verrazano–Narrows Bridge. The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge lost its place as the world's longest suspension bridge when the Humber Bridge opened in England on July 17, 1981.
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  • What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    Q: What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    A: Although Frank Gehry does not personally associate with the movement, critics primarily consider his design philosophy to be deconstructivism, an approach characterized by fragmentation and distortions of traditional structure, informed by his belief that all artists should be true to themselves. Gehry’s work is recognizable through his use of asymmetry, exaggerated proportions and unconventional materials. His designs have influence throughout architecture, interior design, art and fashion.
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  • How does math relate to architecture?

    Q: How does math relate to architecture?

    A: Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.
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  • How long does it take to walk the Great Wall of China?

    Q: How long does it take to walk the Great Wall of China?

    A: The main Great Wall of China stretches approximately 5,500 miles along the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. Explorer experts state that it takes 18 months to walk its entire length. It was constructed during the Ming dynasty in the 14th and 15th century, and is sometimes called the Ming Wall.
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  • What are the people that design buildings called?

    Q: What are the people that design buildings called?

    A: Architects are professionals that design buildings. An architect meets with a government or private sector client to discuss goals and plans for a building. The architect then uses computer programs to develop drawings of the buildings, which are then used by construction companies to build the structure.
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  • How tall is a two-story house?

    Q: How tall is a two-story house?

    A: The height of a two-story house depends on a number of factors. The bare minimum height is likely 16 feet, although most two-story houses are between 20 and 25 feet high.
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  • How many seats are at Madison Square Garden?

    Q: How many seats are at Madison Square Garden?

    A: The number of seats available varies per show, but the max seating of 19,763 is available during basketball games, as of 2014. With the exception of basketball, ice hockey and concerts, all seating maximums depend on the size of the event.
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  • What are the different types of windmills?

    Q: What are the different types of windmills?

    A: Horizontal axis and vertical axis windmills are the two most widely used types of windmills as of 2014. They have two or three blades that convert wind energy into rotational mechanical energy, which then powers an electricity generator.
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  • Why did they build the Eiffel Tower?

    Q: Why did they build the Eiffel Tower?

    A: The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World Exhibition in Paris. The tower took over two years to build, and it was meant to last only through the World Exhibition. Gustave Eiffel, for whom the tower is named, engineered and oversaw construction of the tower.
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  • Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    Q: Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
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  • Why don't some buildings have a 13th floor?

    Q: Why don't some buildings have a 13th floor?

    A: Some buildings don't have a 13th floor because the number 13 is often considered unlucky. This superstition leads the architect or builder to skip this number and go straight from floor 12 to floor 14.
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  • What is the purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    Q: What is the purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge?

    A: The purpose of the Golden Gate Bridge is to connect San Francisco to Marin County, Calif. Before the bridge opened in 1937, the only practical route between what is now Marin County and San Francisco was by ferry across San Francisco Bay. At the time, San Francisco was the largest U.S. city reached primarily by ferry.
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  • What is an assembly drawing?

    Q: What is an assembly drawing?

    A: An assembly drawing is a technical drawing that uses action illustrations to show how parts fit together. Multiple drawings are used together in sequential sets to give a reader instruction on how a product is assembled.
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  • How do you build strong straw towers?

    Q: How do you build strong straw towers?

    A: Building a strong tower out of straws is an engineering project to learn about the stability of certain types of structures. For this project, you need 55 straws, masking tape and a pair of scissors. The task will take between one and two hours.
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