Architecture

A:

John Jacob Rascob built the Empire State Building because he was competing with other entrepreneurs to construct the tallest skyscraper in the world. His main competitor was Walter Chrysler, who was attempting to build the world's tallest building in New York City at the same time.

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  • When was the Art Deco era?

    Q: When was the Art Deco era?

    A: The eclectic design and artistic style known as Art Deco thrived throughout Europe and the United States from 1908 through 1935. It gained serious momentum shortly after World War I concluded in 1918. The style began in Paris before fanning out into the rest of the continent and across the Atlantic.
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  • What are the people that design buildings called?

    Q: What are the people that design buildings called?

    A: Architects are professionals that design buildings. An architect meets with a government or private sector client to discuss goals and plans for a building. The architect then uses computer programs to develop drawings of the buildings, which are then used by construction companies to build the structure.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of using arch bridges?

    A: A major advantage of arch bridges is the fact that they are structurally sound for short spans, while a major disadvantage includes the amount of building materials needed to construct an arch bridge, even if it is of short length. Other advantages of arch bridges include the inexpensive costs of building materials such as stone and brick, and the ability to build more arches to span a wider distance.
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  • How does math relate to architecture?

    Q: How does math relate to architecture?

    A: Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.
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  • Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    Q: Why do many churches have stained glass windows?

    A: Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
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  • What are the pros and cons of graffiti?

    Q: What are the pros and cons of graffiti?

    A: Graffiti occupies a complicated and controversial zone between street art and vandalism, with artists arguing that it's a powerful form of art with roots in Andy Warhol, Keith Haring and Jean-Michael Basquiat, and detractors pointing out that it is illegal, a form of vandalism and heavily associated with gangs. Taggers and neighborhoods often come into conflict with each other.
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  • Why don't some buildings have a 13th floor?

    Q: Why don't some buildings have a 13th floor?

    A: Some buildings don't have a 13th floor because the number 13 is often considered unlucky. This superstition leads the architect or builder to skip this number and go straight from floor 12 to floor 14.
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  • How many people did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

    Q: How many people did it take to build the Taj Mahal?

    A: More than 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants were used in the construction of the Taj Mahal. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and took 20 years to complete. Workers came from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum made from white marble.
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  • How long does it take to walk the Great Wall of China?

    Q: How long does it take to walk the Great Wall of China?

    A: The main Great Wall of China stretches approximately 5,500 miles along the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. Explorer experts state that it takes 18 months to walk its entire length. It was constructed during the Ming dynasty in the 14th and 15th century, and is sometimes called the Ming Wall.
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  • What color was the Eiffel Tower originally painted?

    Q: What color was the Eiffel Tower originally painted?

    A: The 'original' color of the Eiffel Tower can be traced back to two different points: it was painted a brighter red shade called 'Venetian red' when its parts were first being fabricated in 1887-88 (prior to assembly), but it was painted a more subdued reddish-brown hue when it was constructed in 1889. Since its initial construction, this iconic landmark has been repainted an average of once every seven years, or a total 18 times as of 2014. Its color has changed several times, starting off in the red color family, then moving to ochre yellow and finally settling in the specially formulated Eiffel Tower Brown that it has been painted since 1968.
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  • What materials were used to construct the Taj Majal?

    Q: What materials were used to construct the Taj Majal?

    A: The Taj Majal was primarily made of white marble and red sandstone. Other construction materials used for the world-famous Indian monument include gray and yellow sandstone, black slate, different kinds of bricks, sweet limestone, reed glue and red clay. Molasses, curd, jute and fossilized soil were mixed with lime to serve as mortar and cementing material for the building.
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  • How much money did the Taj Mahal cost to build?

    Q: How much money did the Taj Mahal cost to build?

    A: Construction of the Taj Mahal cost more than 32 crore rupees, according to Tajmahal.org.uk, which in today's currency is more than $200 million dollars for the building and its surroundings. More than 20,000 workers contributed, and construction took place over a 22-year period from 1631 to 1653.
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  • Why was Big Ben built?

    Q: Why was Big Ben built?

    A: Big Ben was built as part of a design decision in 1844 that the new Houses of Parliament should include a tower and a clock. The rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament was necessary after a fire in 1834 destroyed the old Palace of Westminster.
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  • What is the Empire State Building used for?

    Q: What is the Empire State Building used for?

    A: The Empire State Building is used for many things including office locations and as a popular tourist attraction. It stands 1,454 feet high and was built in 1931.
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  • In what year was the Lincoln Memorial built?

    Q: In what year was the Lincoln Memorial built?

    A: Construction on the Lincoln Memorial finished in 1922, according to the National Park Service. Congress had approved the memorial in 1910, and construction began in 1914. The first proposal for the monument was submitted in 1867.
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  • What is a rambler style home?

    Q: What is a rambler style home?

    A: A rambler style home is an L- or rectangle-shaped home that lacks decorative detailing on the outside and uses a minimal amount of interior walls in the effort to maximize each square foot of living space. Rambler style homes are also called ranch-style, California Ramblers, Western Ranch and American Ranch. Popularized in 1932 by architect Cliff May, rambler style homes experienced widespread popularity during World War II.
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  • What material is the Leaning Tower of Pisa made of?

    Q: What material is the Leaning Tower of Pisa made of?

    A: The leaning tower of Pisa is made of white marble quarried from mountains close to the town. The tower began its famous lean about the time that the second story had been built. It took 199 years to complete the tower.
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  • What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    Q: What's the design theme and philosophy of Frank Gehry?

    A: Although Frank Gehry does not personally associate with the movement, critics primarily consider his design philosophy to be deconstructivism, an approach characterized by fragmentation and distortions of traditional structure, informed by his belief that all artists should be true to themselves. Gehry’s work is recognizable through his use of asymmetry, exaggerated proportions and unconventional materials. His designs have influence throughout architecture, interior design, art and fashion.
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  • What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    Q: What are some facts about the Empire State Building?

    A: The Empire State Building stands is 1,250 feet above the ground, or 103 stories. The antenna adds an additional 204 feet to its height. The 86th floor observatory is 1,050 feet above ground, while the 102nd floor observatory is located at 1,224 feet. In fair weather, it is possible to see 80 miles into New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
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  • What are the names of the three pyramids in Giza?

    Q: What are the names of the three pyramids in Giza?

    A: The three Egyptian pyramids known as the Giza Pyramids are Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. They are located on the Giza Plateau, outside of the modern city of El Giza, Egypt.
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  • When was the Mall of America built?

    Q: When was the Mall of America built?

    A: Construction on the Mall of America started in 1989 and was concluded in 1992. It is located in Bloomington, Minn. and was designed by the Triple Five Group.
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