The lost city of Atlantis, King Arthur, and Robin Hood are prominent examples of legends. A legend is a story from the past of a significant person or event that is passed down by tradition and is unverifiable in its factual or historical basis.Continue Reading
The city of Atlantis was introduced by the Greek philosopher Plato. He described Atlantis as an advanced civilization that fell out of favor of the gods from a decline of ethical standards and sank into the ocean. The intent of Plato’s dialogues telling of Atlantis as either fact or allegory has been debated since the philosophers of antiquity.
The origin of King Arthur is placed by historians at approximately A.D. 830 in the written works of a Welsh monk, Nennius, called "Historia Brittonum." There is little to say that this is a work of fiction or fact, or even that the Arthur of legend is a product of Nennius' Arthur.
Robin Hood characterizes the rebellion of the feudal system in medieval England. Plays and games based on Robin Hood became common during May Day celebrations around the beginning of the 15th century. Historians place his actual existence in the 12th or 13th century, though there is little evidential basis for this theory.Learn more about Mythology
The most popular legend of Atlantis indicates that the continent sank to the bottom of the ocean. The reason behind the sinking varies depending on the source. The only written history of Atlantis was written by Plato around 960 B.C.Full Answer >
Popular myths and legends from Argentina include creation myths of the Guarani people and stories like the legend of the cactus. Many such stories have existed for many years and continue to be a part of Argentine society.Full Answer >
Dragons are common in the myths and legends of many countries, but there is no scientific evidence that any such creatures ever existed. A species of very large lizard in Indonesia called the Komodo dragon can grow to 10 feet in length and may be a basis for the myth.Full Answer >
Myths, fables, legends and folktales are all stories originally passed on through word of mouth, and all have endured as both teaching tools and entertainment. While myths, fables and legends appeal to children and adults alike, folktales are often written primarily toward children.Full Answer >