What Are Some Examples of Internal Monologue?

An example of an internal monologue occurs in "Ulysses" by James Joyce when Leopold Bloom is walking along in Dublin past a candy shop: "Pineapple rock, lemon platt, butter scotch. / A sugar-sticky girl shoveling scoopfuls of creams for a christian brother. / Some school great. / Bad for their tummies." This internal monologue is Leopold thinking inside his own mind and letting his thoughts wander.

These thoughts are then captured for the reader. An internal monologue, sometimes called an interior monologue, is a type of stream of consciousness. In it, the writer will show the inner thoughts of a person in the writer's story. The writer will portray these inner thoughts in the same way and the same order that these thoughts enter the mind of the character. The writer will not write any description or commentary of the inner monologue.

The inner monologue will also not be written in a grammatically correct style usually as the thoughts will come out of the character in a surge. Internal monologues can be found in both nondramatic and dramatic fiction as a form of narrative technique. Edouard Dujardin was the first writer to use the internal monologue frequently and artistically in his 1887 writing, "We'll to the Woods No More." It soon then became a popular feature in 20th-century psychological books.