Poems that use an AABB rhyme scheme include "War Mothers" by Ella Wheeler Wilcox, "The Hosts" by Alan Seeger and "An Essay on Criticism" by Alexander Pope. The AABB rhyme scheme is characterized by two sets of two successive rhyming lines in a stanza.
A single set of the AABB rhyme scheme, or AA, is called a couplet. A couplet can either be open or closed. Normally an AABB rhyme scheme uses open couplets that do not form complete ideas.
In "War Mothers," the AABB rhyme scheme is expressed throughout the poem. Examples include the first and second line of the poem ending with "ways" and "days" and the following third and fourth lines ending with "times" and "chimes."
In "The Hosts," Alan Seeger uses a variation of the AABB rhyme scheme. The first four lines follow the AABB pattern with the lines ending in "all," "small," "charged" and "enlarged." However, the final two lines of the stanza follow a different rhyme scheme. This can be expressed as an AABBCD rhyme scheme. The poem then repeats the pattern in the subsequent stanzas. Seegle slows the reader down by breaking up the normal AABB pattern with two lines that do not rhyme, which adds unique style to the poem.
"An Essay on Criticism" by Alexander Pope is a unique example of a poem that uses an AABB rhyme scheme while also using closed couplets. Closed, or heroic, couplets are a set of successive rhyming lines that form a complete thought or idea.