“El Amor Patrio” (The Love of Country), Revista De Madrid” (Review of Madrid), “Los Agricultores Filipinos” (The Filipino Farmers) and “A La Defensa” (To La Defensa) are all essays written by Jose Rizal. He also wrote “Los Viajes” (Travels) and “La Verdad Para Todos” (The Truth for All).
José Rizal was born on June 19, 1861, in Calamba, Philippines. While living in Europe, Rizal wrote about the discrimination that accompanied Spain's colonial rule of his country. He returned to the Philippines in 1892, but was exiled due to his desire for reform. Although he supported peaceful change, Rizal was convicted of sedition and executed on Dec. 30, 1896, at age 35.
While in Europe, José Rizal became part of the Propaganda Movement, connecting with other Filipinos who wanted reform. He also wrote his first novel, "Noli Me Tangere" (Touch Me Not/The Social Cancer), a work that detailed the dark aspects of Spain's colonial rule in the Philippines, with particular focus on the role of Catholic friars. The book was banned in the Philippines, though copies were smuggled in..
Rizal returned to Europe and continued to write, releasing his follow-up novel, "El Filibusterismo" (The Reign of Greed) in 1891. He also published articles in La Solidaridad, a paper aligned with the Propaganda Movement. The reforms Rizal for which advocated did not include independence. Instead, he called for equal treatment of Filipinos, limiting the power of Spanish friars and representation for the Philippines in the Spanish Cortes, Spain's parliament.