Ralph Waldo Emerson was a leading supporter of transcendentalism and believed that the most sacred aspect of a person was his soul. A human, he believed, could only find redemption in his own soul.
Transcendentalism was a literary and philosophical movement in New England from 1836 to 1860. Emerson was the most eloquent supporter of the movement, most notably in his essays "Nature," Self-Reliance," and the "Over-Soul."
Transcendentalism proposed the ideas that individual intuition is the highest form of knowledge and that God is immanent in each person, and in nature.This led to an emphasis on individualism, self-reliance and a rejection of authority.