What Are the Different Types of Architecture?

Colonial, Victorian, Arts and Crafts, Romantic and Gothic are exemples of architectural types. Architectural styles vary depending on region, era of construction and function of the building.

Victorian architecture refers to a group of styles developed while Queen Victoria reigned in Great Britain, and they include Queen Anne, Gothic Revival and Italianate. These styles emerged between 1830 and 1910. Victorian buildings were characterized by strong paint colors, wood or stone exteriors, towers, asymmetrical shapes and decorative trim. The "Painted Ladies" homes of San Francisco are famous examples.

The Arts and Crafts style was developed between 1880 and 1920 in England and the United States. Homes in this style feature complex floor plans, large chimneys and vertical board doors. Designers preferred to stain wood in the home rather than paint it, and the style used minimal ornamentation. The philosophy of the Arts and Crafts movement was that the qualities and skill put into an object mattered more than the object itself. This movement was a reaction to the growth of mass production at that time.

Colonial architecture is associated with the turn of the 18th century in the United States, when the area was being colonized. Colonial buildings tend to be square and symmetrical with paired chimneys and narrow windows beside the front door. Thomas Jefferson's Monticello residence is a well-known example.