Socrates is most renowned for his innovative teaching concepts, which promote critical thinking among students. The "Socratic Method" refers to the belief that asking students questions inspires critical thinking and improved learning relative to the more traditional approach of lecturing students with information.
The pedagogical beliefs of Socrates greatly influenced the development of Western philosophy and teaching. His basic premise of asking students to think and come up with answers to questions rather than just telling them what they need to know is still a popular pedagogical method in education at all levels. Socrates was also controversial for teaching Greeks about the close connection between virtue and the soul. He believed a person's virtue and good deeds were related to his level of intelligence.