Q:

Why did Pablo Picasso paint "Guernica"?

A:

Quick Answer

Pablo Picasso painted one of his most celebrated and politically powerful pieces "Guernica" in response to the Nazi bombing of the Basque town of Guernica in April 1937. Aiding insurgents in the Spanish Civil War, German planes bombed and destroyed the town, indiscriminately killing women and children. The destruction of Guernica became a symbol of the lost liberties of the Basque people.

Continue Reading
Why did Pablo Picasso paint "Guernica"?
Credit: diamond geezer CC-BY-2.0

Full Answer

Pablo Picasso was a Spanish native. During the bombing of Guernica in 1937, Picasso was working on a commissioned mural for the Paris Exhibition scheduled to begin the following summer. Within days after hearing about the Guernica bombing, he abandoned his first idea for the mural project and began working on "Guernica" instead. When his painting was unveiled at the Paris Exhibition later that summer, it did not garner much attention. It was not until later that Picasso's "Guernica" became a symbol of the devastating effects of war.

Following the Paris Exhibition, "Guernica" traveled around the world on a brief tour, gathering acclaim and bringing the Spanish Civil War to the attention of the world. Over time, "Guernica" became an anti-war symbol, an embodiment of peace and a reminder of the brutality, particularly upon innocent civilians, and the tragically destructive nature of war.

Learn more about Painting

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where did Pablo Picasso study?

    A:

    Pablo Picasso studied at two institutions in Spain: the Royal Academy of San Fernando and the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona. He attended the Royal Academy at age 14 and the School of Fine Arts at 16.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is Pablo Picasso's blue period?

    A:

    The Blue Period is used to describe Pablo Picasso's works during the first years of the 20th century. Although no exact dates are defined, the period is generally defined as 1901 to 1904, when Picasso's paintings featured, almost exclusively, shades of blue and green.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What materials did Pablo Picasso use?

    A:

    Pablo Picasso used common house paint for his artwork, according to LiveScience. Art historians had long thought that this was the case, but it wasn't until research was done at Argonne National Laboratory that they knew with certainty.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What inspired Pablo Picasso to paint?

    A:

    Pablo Picasso was originally inspired to paint by his father, who was an artist and drawing teacher. Later, Picasso was inspired by both known and unknown artists, including Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Cezanne.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore