Leonardo Da Vinci received fame and recognition primarily for his exceptional works of art, including the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper, but he made significant contributions in the fields of writing and math, and was an inventor as well. Da Vinci drew influence for his complex and emotional artwork from studying the subjects of science and nature, and translating the laws of those subjects onto paper and canvas. Da Vinci earned a name for himself during the Italian Renaissance, studying with Verrocchio, an Italian artist, from age 14 to 20, then setting up his own shop.
Da Vinci was born in 1452 to a poor family, but showed great promise as an intellectual and artist. He qualified as a master artist at age 20 after learning and perfecting his skills in painting, pastel drawing, sculpting, carpentry and metalworking. Leonardo left a series of notebooks and drawings after his death, including a self-portrait, the Head of a Man in Profile to Left and the Head of the Virgin.
His notebooks contain thousands of sketches and notes, shedding light on his capacity for invention and deep understanding of natural science and human anatomy. These notebooks contain images of complex machines, including flying machines and bicycles. They showcase intricate anatomical drawings of human organs, bones and other structures; historians consider some illustrations of these human parts to be the earliest on record.