According to the website Design is History, the history of graphic design began in the 15th century with the invention of Johannes Gutenberg's movable mechanized type and other developments in typography. Many of these innovations are still referenced today.
Gutenberg's mechanical printing process was introduced in 1455, which led to rapid changes in typography and graphic design. The ability to quickly and efficiently print books and text established the printing industry and led to many developments in typefaces and printing quality. Many countries, including Italy, France and the Netherlands, were responsible for huge pushes forward in printing and graphic design. Many of the fonts, typefaces and measurements developed during this time are still in use today.