Cubism originated in Paris, France with the work of Picasso and Braque between the years of 1907 and 1914. Many other famous painters of the style and period include such artists as Jean Metzinger, Juan Gris and Albert Gleizes.
Cubism developed from a need to portray the new way that science and technology was affecting the world and changing how people lived. These artists moved away from the idea that art must reflect nature. Life was not reflecting nature as much as it had before and art moved into new realms accordingly. Early cubism works had figures that could be identified as specific things, but in later versions, referred to as the hermetic styles, the work was abstracted that it became just planes of almost monochromatic color overlaid on one another.