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# What is the definition of "scale" in art?

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In art, scale refers to the size ratio between everything within the image. Using a scale allows the size relationships between objects to appear real or believable.

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Scale is most often used in architectural sketches, paintings, drawings and other artistic mediums. Artists create scales for drawings to correctly show the size relationship between objects. For example, an artist may decide that 1 inch is equivalent to 10 feet. Establishing this scale will guide the artist in creating every objects with respect to this scale in order to avoid objects from appearing too tall or too short. In many fields, there are standards for scale. For example, in architecture, a one-quarter-inch scale means that one-quarter inch is equal to 1 foot.

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Color in art is based on color theory, which is composed of three basic parts: the color wheel hue, color value and color schemes. Color is the element in art of reflected light that is interpreted by the eye.

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Medieval and Renaissance art differ in size and shape of human figures, depictions of environment and interpretations of three-dimensional drawings. Medieval and Renaissance cultures varied significantly, which sparked the difference in artistic drawings and paintings by artists of those historical periods. Medieval art focused less on accuracy and realistic impressions of humans by emphasizing drawing people according to social status instead and depicting different religious events in single scenes.

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A scale in mathematics refers to the ratio of a drawing in comparison to the size of the real object. A ratio is a relative size that represents typically two values. For example, 1:3 pears and grapefruits represents that there is one pear for every three grapefruit.