Cubism was an early 20th century art form that rebelled against the basic artistic techniques of perspective, modeling and foreshortening. Rather than trying to imitate life, Cubist artists highlighted the flatness of the canvas, fracturing their subjects into geometric forms viewed from multiple angles. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque are generally recognized as the creators of Cubism.Continue Reading
The Cubist movement first emerged in Paris between 1907 and 1914. French art critic, Louis Vauxcelles, devised the term Cubism after viewing a landscape painting by Braque. Some of Cubism's primary influences include Paul Cezanne's landscapes and the stylistic distortions of African art. In the earliest Cubist works, the painting's subject was still typically discernible. Picasso's famous "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," for example, features heavily distorted female figures that are still recognizable, and is a defining work of early Cubism.
As the movement progressed, Picasso and Braque entered a phase known as Analytic Cubism. These highly abstracted works reduced their subjects to a series of overlapping angles and planes, making no effort to represent actual objects or people. Typical subjects of Analytic Cubism included musical instruments, bottles, newspapers and human faces.
Braque and Picasso eventually moved on to Synthetic Cubism, which took their painting completely beyond representations of 3D space. These works featured large pieces of paper pasted onto the canvas, either cut to represent certain objects or adorned with newspaper or magazine imagery referencing the painting's subject.Learn more about Fine Art
Titian was an Italian painter in the 16th century and is famous for his portraits, landscapes and works of religious and mythological art. Some of his works include "Diana and Actaeon," "Bacchus and Ariadne" and "Venus of Urbino."Full Answer >
While Germany has only been a unified country since the 19th century, the region that is now Germany is home to art dating back almost 40,000 years. "The Venus of Hohle Fels," found in a cave in southwestern Germany, is one of the earliest figural carvings ever discovered.Full Answer >
Renaissance art emerged in Italy in the late 14th century, which is also known as the Renaissance period, and is represented through paintings, sculpture, architecture and other decorative art forms. It was named after the period of time during which many parts of Europe saw a renewed interest in learning about classical Roman and Greek culture and is highlighted by Italian masters like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael.Full Answer >
Scherenschnitte, the ancient art of paper cutting, began in China around 100 A.D. and spread worldwide by the 14th century; templates feature traditional themes of silhouettes, valentines, folk art and love letters, but have evolved into templates that feature other themes like patriotic, garden and ocean. Scherenschnitte templates are as varied as the imagination and range from simple fold-and-cut designs to highly intricate, detailed examples.Full Answer >