"Jingle Bells" is a simple Christmas song in the key of C that consists of the notes C, D, E, F and G. It has been called a great song for piano beginners because it uses all five fingers of the right hand without the player having to change positions.
The E below middle C appears three times in each of the first two measures. The performer plays it twice as a quarter note and once as a half note. In the third measure, the melody has a progression of E-G-C-D, which resolves in the next measure with a whole-note E.
In the fifth measure, the performer plays the note F four times in succession as quarter notes, and in the sixth, the F is played once and E is played three times. This musical phrase continues in the seventh measure with a progression of E-D-D-E. The phrase then culminates in the eighth measure with a half-note D leading into a half-note G. This part of the melody corresponds with the lyrics, "Oh what fun it is to ride in a one-horse open sleigh."
Measures nine through 14 mirror the first six measures. Finally, the basic melody of the song closes out with a progression of G-G-F-D-C, bringing the melody back to the tonic.