Classical guitars costing less than $500 include the Cordoba C5, La Patrie Motif and Manuel Rodriguez C1. Some classical guitars in the mid-range include guitars from Thomas Fredholm, Jeroen Hilhorst, Kenny Hill, Paul Sheridan and Alessandro Marseglia. Guitars from these luthiers cost anywhere from $5000 to $10,000.
High-end luthiers sell classical guitars costing $10,000 or more. These luthiers include Robert Ruck, Greg Smallman, Steven Connor and Gernot Wagner. Also known as the Spanish guitar, the classical guitar uses nylon strings instead of steel strings, which are common in guitars intended for playing popular music. The classical guitar is similar to the flamenco guitar, which also uses nylon strings.
As early as the Renaissance, classical composers wrote music for early guitars with varying designs and varying numbers of strings. Gaetano Vinaccio built the earliest existing six-string guitar in Naples in 1779. The modern classical guitar largely follows the later designs of Antonio Torres Jurado, a Spanish luthier active in the late 1800s.
In the late 1900s, luthiers increasingly experimented with design in an effort to make louder classical guitars. Though J.S Bach did not write music for guitar, adapted Bach lute compositions play an important role in the standard classical guitar repertoire.