Lord of the Flies was first published in London in 1954. It was written by William Golding, and is a current staple of many high school reading lists.
According to the Modern Library, "Lord of the Flies" is one of the top 100 novels of the 20th century. The dystopian fantasy has been praised, as well as criticized over the years. It even has been placed on a banned books list. It was very controversial for its time, as it details the story of several boys who degrade into primal versions of themselves after they are stranded on an island. The novel is considered to be science-fiction and fantasy.