Simoun, Basilio, Isagani and Paulita Gomez are some of the major characters in the novel "El Filibusterismo." First published in Ghent, Belgium, and written by Jose P. Rizal, the Philippines' national hero, "El Filibusterismo" is the sequel to "Noli Me Tangere."
Also known in its English title, "The Reign of Greed," "El Filibusterismo" follows the story of Juan Crisostomo Ibarra, the main protagonist in the first novel who comes back from the dead as the wealthy and mysterious jeweler Simoun. He poses as a friend of the Spanish government, but in truth he is cooking up a violent revolution. Basilio, who met Simoun 13 years previous, discovers his true identity. He later joins Simoun's revolution but changes his mind when he finds out about the latter's plan to plant a bomb and kill everyone at Isagani and Paulita's wedding.
Penned four or five years after "Noli Me Tangere," "El Filibusterismo" explores the last days of the Spanish colonization in the Philippines. Rizal dedicated the book to the memory of Gomburza, the three Filipino priests executed on charges of subversion. It is considered as a more mature judgment of Rizal's on the social and political conditions in the country, drawing a more accurate picture of the real state of the Filipinos under the Spanish regime.