Some characteristics of Puritan literature are: limited atonement, original sin, irresistible grace and unconditional election. A Puritan writer's main focus was to glorify God and show reverence for the Bible.
Puritanism, and Puritan literature, became popular in the 17th century. Writers who penned Puritan literature were well-educated and deeply religious. They used literature to make the Christian God more relevant and understandable.
The main themes in their writings showed the concepts of original sin, which is the belief that everyone was born sinful because of Adam and Eve, and predestination, which is the idea that no matter what a person did in life, his or her salvation had already been determined.
Puritanism's decline was influenced by a lack of social behavior and a decay in morality.