Modernism is often characterized by its plain geometric forms and its emphasis on the layout, location and function of the structures themselves. Modern architecture emerged in the late 19th century and began to reach maturity and acceptance in the early 20th century.Continue Reading
Layout and location are key in modernist design. Architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright used the plot of land to influence the design and layout. Rather than simply placing the building on top of the land, the construction uses the physical features of the land as a starting point to connect the interior and exterior designs. For example, architects use rooms that open onto patios and glass walls to create a more seamless connection between the indoor and outdoor spaces.
One of the main features of modern architecture is simplicity in design and form. Homes are stripped down to the basics to show the architectural elements of the home itself; rather than focusing on the decor or detailing work, the focus is on the space as a whole. Modern design encourages homes to be clean, functional and simple. The inner workings of the home tend to be visible: beams and other structural elements are exposed to the viewer.
Modern architecture also features linear elements. Lines are highly important in the design, and the physical elements of the building, such as beams, posts, windows, staircases and fireplaces, are used to assist the creation of a linear space. The lines are typically straight and angled, and roof lines are bold. Homes often have multiple roof lines at varying levels. The exterior design of the home isn't simply functional but artistic.
Modern architecture focuses on open floor plans with fewer walls, creating a space in which the living, dining and kitchen areas are all combined. Sometimes fireplaces are used as an accent. Windows are used in the design to bring in light. Modern homes often have floor-to-ceiling or above-eye-level windows and sliding doors to bring in more natural light, and the building materials tend to be left in their organic state.Learn more about Architecture
Some distinct design characteristics of American farmhouses include exterior clapboard siding, wide porches and simple gabled roof structures. These houses are typically built around basic shapes such as rectangular boxes that make framing and expansion easier. Interior features include monochrome color palettes, often keyed to white, and arts-and-crafts style furnishings and architectural details.Full Answer >
Art Nouveau is interesting in that is has no simple to define characteristics, although the overall philosophy of the style was to bring the beauty of art to everyday objects no matter how utilitarian they may be, while at the same time rejecting the neoclassical forms that were popular during the time its inception. The term is still applied to a number of artistic works today, as many fall into the overall style of Art Nouveau.Full Answer >
The eight basic features of a civilization are large population centers, a central administrative body, complex religion, job specialization, social class structures, forms of art and architecture, organized public works, and a system of writing. All of these features are made possible by efficient agricultural systems that allow a group of people within the fledgling civilization to begin specializing their skills toward one of the basic features of a civilization.Full Answer >
The primary differences between Northern Renaissance art and Italian Renaissance art were the emphasis placed on religion and anatomical extent to which the human body was portrayed. Northern Renaissance artists were more religious in their approach, while Italian artists were more secular. Too, science was an area in which many Italian Renaissance painters had great interest, and that interest tended to find its way into their art.Full Answer >