"Prisoner of Zenda" is a novel written by Anthony Hope that was published in 1894. The novel tells the story of the king of the fictional country of Ruritania who is drugged on the night before his coronation. A stranger named Rudolf Rassendyll, who happens to resemble the king, is persuaded to take the king's place since the king cannot be located.
After the impostor takes the throne, the real king of Ruritania is taken to a castle in the town of Zenda and held as a prisoner. The king falls victim to the scheming Antoinette de Mauban and is unable to escape. However, the king is rescued by the impostor, Rudolf Rassendyll, and eventually takes his rightful place at the throne.
Upon publication, "Prisoner of Zenda" became very popular. This novel has retained a large fanbase over the last century, and the novel has been adapted on Broadway and in film. One of the most notable adaptations of the novel is the 1979 film of the same name staring Peter Sellers and Lynne Frederick.
Anthony Hope wrote a sequel to "Prisoner of Zenda" titled "Rupert of Hentzau." In this novel, the villain from the first story, Rupert of Hentzau, tells the story from a different perspective. This novel features many of the same characters and also includes themes of mistaken identity.