"A Prayer for my Daughter," by the Irish poet W.B. Yeats, expresses the anxiety of the father, and also speaks of the kind of person he would like his daughter to become. The poem can be found online at Poets.org.
Poems for daughters can also be found online at PoemHunter.com. Some poems that can be freely accessed on the website are "A Daughter Of Eve," by Christina Georgina Rossetti, "For My Daughter," by David Ignatow, "The Miller's Daughter," by Alfred Lord Tennyson, "To A Daughter Leaving Home," by Linda Pastan, and "The King's Daughter," by Algernon Charles Swinburne, among others.