Originally known as Buckingham House, Buckingham Palace was built in 1703 as a London residence for John Sheffield. Sheffield was an 18th-century politician who became the Duke of Buckingham in 1702. Buckingham House was architecturally modified to become Buckingham Palace, the official home of British monarchs, in the 1820s.
The palace contains 775 rooms, 1,514 doors and nearly 800 windows. The first monarch to reside in Buckingham Palace was Queen Victoria, who moved to the palace in 1837. As of 2014, the only monarch to be born and die in Buckingham Palace is Edward VII, who led a redecorating effort of the palace during his reign. King William IV, Prince Charles and Prince Andrew also were born at Buckingham Palace.