Batik is a dyeing technique that uses wax and dye to pattern fabric. While wax dyeing is traditional in countries throughout Asia and Africa, batik refers specifically to Indonesian fabric art.
In traditional batik, designs are drawn or brushed onto fabric with wax. Fabric underneath the waterproof wax is protected from the dye. Additional colors can be added by repeating the waxing and dyeing process.
Modern batik follows the same basic process but utilizes additional tools. Stencils, etching and different types of wax are all used in modern batik art. Modern forms may also be produced on unconventional materials, including ceramic and leather.