Example of artists who use jail images in their art include Gustave Courbet, Sir John Soane and Johannes Steyer. Each of these three artists used depictions of imprisonment to impart different artistic and moral messages, such as religious intolerance, political activism and repercussions of immoral behavior.
In 1871, French artist Gustave Courbet painted "Young Communards in Prison," which reflects his political ideology and its consequences relative to a French state that he perceived as oppressive. The artist flouted the state's authority multiple times, most notably by refusing the Legion of Honor, a prestigious award.
In Sir John Soane's series of paintings entitled, "A Rake's Progress," the 18th century artist uses the fictional tale of how a man's unmerited inheritance and decadent lifestyle lands him in prison, with a distinct moralizing message towards the painting's audience.
Johannes Steyer uses jail imagery to depict the plight of Holocaust victims in a series of paintings called, "The Buchenwald Series." The series shows forced labor and prisoner violence interspersed with common daily rituals such as roll call, showing the persecution of religious minorities such as Jehova's Witnesses in Nazi Germany. The final painting of the series shows the prisoners' path to freedom after the SS flees the camp in response to revolt and liberation.