The artist of a watercolor is called a painter. Watercolor is a type of painting created with watercolor paints. These paints are made from pigments that are held together by a water soluble binder, such as natural gum arabic or synthetic glycol.
Watercolor painting became popular in Europe in the 18th century. Originally, painters had to prepare their own watercolor paint by adding water to the clay-like paint and grinding these paints on another surface, such as a stone. This method was incredibly tedious and ultimately led to the creation of the ready-made watercolor paints that many artists use today.