The eclectic design and artistic style known as Art Deco thrived throughout Europe and the United States from 1908 through 1935. It gained serious momentum shortly after World War I concluded in 1918. The style began in Paris before fanning out into the rest of the continent and across the Atlantic.
Owing to the fact that the era occurred on the heels of the industrial revolution, many Art Deco pieces were easily mass produced and therefore available to everyone, not just the upper class.
The major events of the times found their way into Art Deco pieces. For example, after the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb in Egypt, jewelry and other pieces sported sphinxes and pyramids. The popularity of African safaris at the time meant it was common to see animal skin prints, particularly on furniture.
The style incorporated the cubist element popularized by Picasso, who died just as the movement was getting started. It offered a nod to Hollywood, which was in the midst of its golden age, with plenty of mirrors and shiny fabrics. New York's Empire State Building, which was constructed in 1931, was a prominent example of Art Deco in architecture.
Originally known as "le style moderne" or "Jazz Moderne," since its popularity coincided with the Jazz Age, Art Deco received its name decades after it was no longer in vogue.