American patriotic songs include "America the Beautiful," "My Country, 'Tis of Thee" and "The Star-Spangled Banner". "My Country, 'Tis of Thee" was actually written to the melody of "God Save the Queen," the British national anthem composed by British composer Thomas Arne.
"America the Beautiful," which was written by poet and English teacher Katharine Lee Bates, was inspired by a trip to Pike's Peak. Bates retained the copyright to the song, but used it only to protect it from alteration, never receiving royalties for its use.
"My Country, 'Tis of Thee" was originally used as one of America's national anthems. The song was written by Samuel Francis Smith on request of a friend, Lowell Mason, who had asked Smith to either translate songs from German or compose new ones for him. It was originally performed at a children's Independence Day celebration in Boston.
"The Star-Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States. It was originally written as a poem by Francis Scott Key while he was being detained on a British ship in Baltimore Harbor during the bombardment of Fort McHenry during the War of 1812. The lyrics are set to the music "To Anacreon in Heaven," composed by John Stafford Smith. While the original poem contains four stanzas, musical performances of "The Star-Spangled Banner" usually use only the first of them.