On This Day: November 30
This is the 334th day of the year.
Fact of the Day: pilgrim
The pilgrims were originally called Puritans because they wanted to "purify" the Church of England, which they felt was too caught up with ritual. Many people studied the Bible and listened to sermons in private homes - without the ritual activities - and if they were caught, would have been considered treasonous. Some of the 102 people who made the voyage on the Mayflower decided to travel to the New World for these religious reasons. The basic meaning of pilgrim, was "traveler, wanderer" and our English word can be traced back through French to Latin pelegrinus, an alternation of peregrinum, "foreigner."
Scotland: National Day.
Feast day of St. Andrew the Apostle, St. Sapor, and St. Cuthbert Mayne.
Barbados: Independence Day.
Philippines: Bonifacio Day.
Benin: National Day.
1782 - The United States and Britain signed preliminary peace articles in Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.
1872 - The first international football (soccer) match was played, between Scotland and England in Glasgow. It ended with no score.
1886 - The "Folies Bergere" featuring women in sensational costumes, debuted in Paris.
1906 - President Theodore Roosevelt denounced segregation of Japanese schoolchildren in San Francisco.
1914 - Charlie Chaplin made his film debut in "Making a Living," a one-reel film.
1936 - London's famed Crystal Palace, built for the International Exhibition of 1851, was destroyed by fire.
1939 - The Russo-Finnish winter war began when Russia invaded Finland.
1962 - U Thant of Burma was elected Secretary-General of the United Nations, succeeding the late Dag Hammarskjold.
1966 - Barbados became independent of Britain.
1995 - Bill Clinton became the first U.S. president to visit Northern Ireland.
1667 - Jonathan Swift, Irish author and satirist.
1835 - Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain), American author.
1874 - Sir Winston Churchill, British statesman.
1874 - Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian writer, known especially for her "Anne of Green Gables" series.
1929 - Dick Clark, TV producer and personality ("American Bandstand").
1955 - Billy Idol, English hard-rock musician.
1965 - Ben Stiller, American comedian, actor, and film director.
1900 - Oscar Wilde (Fingal O'Flahertie Wills), Irish poet and dramatist.
1979 - Zeppo Marx (Herbert Marx), American comedian and member of the Marx Brothers comic team.
1996 - Herbert Buckingham Khaury, better known as Tiny Tim, American singer, ukulele player, and musical archivist.
2004 - Pierre Berton, Canadian author, television personality, and journalist.