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On This Day: November 23

This is the 327th day of the year.

Fact of the Day: yellow taxis

John D. Hertz, better know for starting a rental-car company in 1924, also owned a taxicab company in Chicago. He had a study done at the University of Chicago to determine what color was the easiest to see from afar. Hertz painted his taxicabs yellow and the tradition took hold nationwide.

Holidays

Feast day of St. Clement I, pope, St. Alexander, prince, St. Columbanus, St. Amphilochius, St. Trudo or Trond, St. Gregory of Girgenti, and St. Felicitas.

Japan: Labour Thanksgiving Day or Kinrokansha no Hi.

Events

1499 - Perkin Warbeck, who impersonated the youngest son of King Edward IV, was executed by King Henry VII.

1785 - John Hancock was elected president of the Continental Congress for the second time.

1848 - The Female Medical Educational Society was established.

1863 - The Civil War's Battle of Chattanooga began. Union forces drove the Confederates away and set the stage for Union General William Sherman's triumphant March to the Sea.

1876 - William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, leader of New York City's corrupt Tammany Hall political organization during the 1860s, was turned in to authorities in New York City after his capture in Spain.

1889 - The first jukebox was played, in San Francisco at the Palais Royale Saloon.

1903 - Singer Enrico Caruso made his U.S. debut at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, in "Rigoletto."

1909 - The Wright brothers formed a corporation for the commercial manufacture of their airplanes.

1919 - The first play-by-play football game radio broadcast took place during the Texas A&M - Texas game.

1921 - U.S. President Warren Harding signed the Willis Campell Act, better known as the anti-beer bill. It forbids doctors to prescribe beer or liquor for medicinal purposes, which was a loophole in Prohibition.

1936 - Henry R. Luce's "Life" magazine was first published.

1942 - The Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary was authorized.

1943 - The U.S. began its offensive against Japan in the Central Pacific by taking Tarawa Island and Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands.

1945 - Wartime rationing of food, particularly meat and butter, was ended in the U.S.

1963 - "Dr. Who" premiered on British TV; it didn't air in the U.S. until September 1975.

1971 - The People's Republic of China was seated in the United Nations Security Council.

1980 - Southern Italy was devastated by earthquakes, which killed nearly 5000 people.

1995 - The Bosnian Serbs accepted a peace plan proposed during talks in Dayton, Ohio, to end the four years of conflict in the former Yugoslavia.

2001 - The United Nations war crimes tribunal said it would put former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic on trial for genocide in Bosnia.

2004 - Dan Rather announced that he would step down as anchorman of "The CBS Evening News" in March 2005.

Births

1804 - Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States of America (1853-57).

1859 - Billy the Kid (William Bonney), American outlaw of the Wild West.

1887 - Boris Karloff (William Henry Pratt), British actor.

1888 - Harpo Marx (Adolph Marx/Arthur Marx), American comedian.

1925 - Jos� Napole�n Duarte, El Salvadoran president (1984-89).

1956 - Shane Gould, Australian swimmer who won three gold, one silver, and one bronze medal in 1972 Summer Olympics.

Deaths

1941 - P.C. Wren, British novelist.

1979 - Merle Oberon, British film actress, born in Bombay, India.







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