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On This Day: October 2

Today is Thursday, October 2, 2014. This is the 275th day of the year, with 90 days remaining in 2014.

Fact of the Day: Greek

Greek has the longest-documented history of any Indo-European language - from the 14th century BC.


Feast day of the Guardian Angels, St. Leger or Leodegarius, and St. Eleutherius of Nicomedia.

Guinea: Independence Day.

Holy day of the Guardian Angels.


1187 - Saladin, the Muslim sultan, captured Jerusalem after its 88-year occupation by the Franks.

1608 - First telescope was demonstrated by the Dutch lens maker, Hans Lipperschey.

1780 - British Major John Andre was hanged as a spy by U.S. forces in Tappan, New York, during the American Revolution.

1835 - The first battle of the Texas Revolution was waged near the Guadalupe River.

1836 - Charles Darwin returned from his five-year survey of South American waters aboard the HMS Beagle.

1870 - Rome became the capital of the newly unified Italy. The previous capital was Florence.

1871 - Morman leader Brigham Young was arrested for polygamy.

1909 - Orville Wright set an altitude record, flying at 1,600 feet.

1919 - President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed.

1944 - Nazi troops crushed the 63-day-old Warsaw Uprising; one-quarter million Poles died.

1950 - Comic strip "Peanuts," by Charles M. Schultz, was first published in nine newspapers,

1955 - "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" had its TV premiere.

1958 - Guinea became the independent Republic of Guinea, rejecting the new French constitution.

1959 - "The Twilight Zone" premiered.

1964 - Scientists announced findings that smoking can cause cancer.

1967 - Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African-American (associate) justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

1968 - California's Redwood National Park was established.

1975 - Showa Tenno Hirohito, the 124th Japanese monarch along an imperial line dating back to 660 BC, was welcomed by President Gerald Ford.

1990 - Senate confirmed the Supreme Court nomination of Justice David H. Souter.

1996 - Former Bulgarian premier Andrei Lukanov was shot and killed by an unidentified gunman.

2002 - A man was shot and killed in a grocery store parking lot in Wheaton, Maryland, becoming the first victim in a series of sniper attacks in the Washington, D.C. area, that left 10 dead.

2006 - Five school girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania before Roberts commits suicide.


1452 - Richard III, King of England.

1869 - Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi, Indian political and spiritual leader.

1890 - American comedian Groucho Marx (Julius Henry Marx).

1895 - Bud Abbott, American actor and comedian.

1904 - Graham Greene, English novelist.

1945 - Don McLean, American singer-songwriter.

1949 - Annie Leibovitz, American portrait photographer.

1951 - Sting (Gordon Sumner), British singer and actor.

1967 - Bud Gaugh, American musician.


322 B.C.E. - Aristotle, Greek philosopher, scientist, and physician, born in Stagira, Macedonia.

1803 - Samuel Adams, American Revolution leader and politician.

1985 - Rock Hudson (Roy Harold Scherer, Jr.) , American actor.

1998 - Gene Autry, Hollywood's singing cowboy, at 91.

2005 - Nipsey Russell, American comedian.

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