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On This Day: April 23

Today is Wednesday, April 23, 2014. This is the 113th day of the year, with 252 days remaining in 2014.

Fact of the Day: Bellevue

Bellevue Hospital in New York City is the oldest hospital in the United States. Although not yet named at the time, it was born in 1736 on the upper floor of a "Publick Workhouse and House of Correction" that stood at the site of the current City Hall in lower Manhattan. A single room measuring 25 ft by 23 ft was set aside solely for the care of the indigent sick. After the American Revolution, as New York City's population increased, severe epidemics began to ravage the city. The facility was inadequate, so in 1794 the city acquired some farmland on which there was a mansion named "Belle Vue"; it was used as an infirmary and called Belle Vue Hospital. Bellevue is the site of many firsts in medical care in the United States: in 1799 it established the first maternity ward, and in 1869 the first hospital-based ambulance service in the world. In 1873, the first school of nursing was opened. The first children's clinic and the first emergency pavilion were opened in 1874 and 1876, respectively.

Holidays

Feast day of St. George, St. Gerard of Toul, St. Ibar, St. Adalbert of Prague, and Saints Felix, Fortunatus, and Achilleus.

Bermuda: Peppercorn Day.

England: St. George's Day.

Germany: Biertag.

Turkey: National Sovereignty and Children's Day.

Events

1348 - English King Edward III founded the Order of the Garter, the first order of knighthood.

1635 - The Boston Latin School opened -- America's oldest public school.

1789 - President-elect George Washington and his wife moved into the first executive mansion, the Franklin House, in New York.

1896 - The Vitascope system for projecting movies onto a screen was demonstrated in New York City, inaugurating the first movie theater at Koster and Bials Music Hall.

1968 - The Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church merged to form the United Methodist Church.

1969 - Sirhan Sirhan was sentenced to death for assassinating Senator Robert F. Kennedy; a sentence later reduced to life imprisonment.

1988 - A federal ban on smoking during domestic airline flights of two hours or less went into effect.

1994 - Physicists at the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory found evidence of the top quark.

2003 - Beijing closes all schools for two weeks due to the SARS virus.

Births

1564 - William Shakespeare, English dramatist and poet (generally accepted date).

1791 - James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States of America (1857-1861).

1813 - Stephen A. Douglas, American politician.

1858 - Max Planck, German physicist who developed quantum theory.

1873 - Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-born American musician, pianist, composer.

1928 - Shirley Temple Black, American child actress, U.S. United Nations diplomat and Chief of Protocol.

1932 - Halston (Roy Halston Frowick), American fashion designer.

1936 - Roy Orbison, American singer and musician.

1961 - George Lopez, American actor and comedian.

1968 - Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist.

Deaths

1616 - William Shakespeare, English actor, poet, and playwright.

1993 - C�sar Ch�vez, Mexican-American labor activist.

1995 - Howard Cosell (born Howard William Cohen), American sportscaster.

2007 - American Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author David Halberstam.

2007 - Former Russian President Boris Yeltsin.







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