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On This Day: July 23

Today is Wednesday, July 23, 2014. This is the 204th day of the year, with 161 days remaining in 2014.

Fact of the Day: blue

Blue seldom occurs in the natural world except for the sky, sea, and the reflection of crystals or diamonds.

Holidays

Ethiopia: National Day.

United Arab Republic: National Day.

Feast day of St. Anne or Susanna, St. John Cassian, St. Romula and her Companions, St. Apollinaris of Ravenna, the Three Wise Men, St. Bridget of Sweden, and St. Liborius.

Egypt: National Day / Anniversary of the Revolution of 1952.

Events

1715 - The first lighthouse in America was authorized for construction at Little Brewster Island, Massachusetts.

1829 - William A. Burt patented his "typographer," a forerunner of the typewriter.

1903 - The Ford Motor Company sold its first automobile to a doctor in Detroit.

1914 - Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia following the killing of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a Serb assassin; the dispute led to World War I.

1952 - Egyptian military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew King Farouk I.

1984 - Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America to resign her title, because of nude photographs of her that ended up in Penthouse magazine.

1995 - Two astronomers, Alan Hale in New Mexico and Thomas Bopp in Arizona, almost simultaneously discovered the comet Hale-Bopp.

2000 - American Tiger Woods, at age 24, became the youngest golfer to win the career Grand Slam with a record-breaking performance in the British Open.

Births

1834 - Roman Catholic Cardinal James Gibbons, champion of labor and advocate of the separation of church and state.

1892 - Haile Selassie I, emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74).

1894 - Vincent Sardi, American restaurateur.

1894 - Arthur Treacher, English character actor.

1921 - Calvert DeForest, American comedic actor, best known for his appearances on Late Night with David Letterman and the Late Show with David Letterman, as the character Larry "Bud" Melman.

1935 - Jim Hall, race car driver and race car innovator, born in Abilene, Texas.

1940 - Don Imus, American talk radio host.

1965 - Slash (born Saul Hudson), English guitarist.

1973 - Monica Lewinsky, White House intern, born in San Francisco, California.

1981 - Steve Jocz, Canadian drummer for the pop punk band Sum 41.

1983 - Aaron Peirsol, competitive swimmer born in Irvine, California.

1989 - Daniel Radcliffe, film, television, and stage actor, born in West London, England.

Deaths

1875 - Isaac Singer, American inventor who developed and brought into general use the domestic sewing machine.

1885 - Ulysses Grant, American Civil War general and 18th President of the United States of America.

1923 - Pancho Villa (born Doroteo Arango Ar�mbula), Mexican Revolutionary leader.

1930 - Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer.

1948 - D. W. Griffith, pioneering film director, born in La Grange, Kentucky.

1973 - Eddie Rickenbacker, celebrated American World War I fighter pilot.

2001 - Eudora Welty, American Pulitzer Prize-winning writer.

2007 - Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan.







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