On This Day: March 5
Today is Thursday, March 5, 2015. This is the 64th day of the year, with 301 days remaining in 2015.
Fact of the Day: steel
Steel was first manufactured in May 1728 in Simsbury CT by Samuel Higley and Joseph Dewey. The first open-hearth furnace for making steel was built in 1868 in Trenton, NJ. It was the New Jersey Steel and Iron Company. The first Bessemer steel converter was used in 1864 at Eureka Iron and Steel Works.
Feast day of St. Piran, St. Gerasimus, Saints Adrian and Eubulus, St. Eusebius, St. John Joseph of the Cross, St. Kieran of Saighir, St. Phocas of Antioch, and St. Virgil of Arles.
1750 - The first Shakespearean play in America was presented at the Nassau Street Theatre in New York City, "King Richard III."
1766 - Spanish official Don Antonio de Ulloa arrived in New Orleans to take possession of the Louisiana Territory from the French.
1770 - The Boston Massacre took place. British soldiers, who had been taunted by colonists (Patriots) and hit with snowballs, opened fire and killed five people.
1872 - George Westinghouse patented the air brake.
1918 - The Soviets moved the capital of Russia from Petrograd to Moscow.
1933 - The Nazi Party won almost half the seats in the German elections. It was the last free election in Germany until after World War II.
1946 - Winston Churchill delivered his famous "Iron Curtain" speech at Westminster College in Missouri.
1960 - Elvis Presley returned to civilian life after two years in the U.S. Army.
1970 - A nuclear non-proliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it.
2003 - In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.
2004 - Martha Stewart was found guilty on four counts of obstruction of justice, stemming from her December 2001 sale of shares of biotech stock ImClone.
1512 - Gerardus Mercator, Flemish cartographer.
1574 - William Oughtred, British mathematician and inventor of the slide rule.
1824 - James Merritt Ives, American lithographer for Currier and Ives.
1893 - Emmett J. Culligan, American, inventor water-softening device.
1908 - Rex Harrison, Academy Award-winning English stage and film actor.
1955 - Penn Jillette, magician and comedian, born in Greenfield, Massachusetts.
1970 - John Frusciante, American musician best known as the guitarist of the alternative rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers.
1953 - Joseph Stalin, Soviet dictator.
1980 - Jay Silverheels (born Harold J. Smith), a Canadian actor, probably known best for playing the part of Tonto, the Lone Ranger's sidekick.