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On This Day: January 27

Today is Tuesday, January 27, 2015. This is the 27th day of the year, with 338 days remaining in 2015.

Fact of the Day: Dow Jones

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is compiled by averaging closing prices of 30 actively traded blue chip stocks (including AT&T, Coca Cola, Walt Disney, Exxon, Goodyear, Texaco, Fed Ex, and USAir - to name a few) and adjusting by the current appropriate divisor appearing under the Dow's Half-Hourly Averages. The divisor is "adjusted for splits and stock dividends equal to 10% or more of the market value of an issue..." (Barron's)

Holidays

Feast day of St. Julian of Le Mans, St. Marius or May, St. Angela Merici, and St. Vitalian, pope.

United Kingdom: Holocaust Memorial Day.

Germany: Day of Remembrance for Victims of Nazism.

Events

1785 - The first state-chartered school, the University of Georgia, was incorporated.

1825 - Congress approved Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."

1862 - President Abraham Lincoln issued General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies.

1880 - Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.

1888 - The National Geographic Society was incorporated in Washington D.C.

1924 - Vladimir Lenin's body was laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin.

1926 - John Logie Baird, a Scottish inventor, gave the first public demonstration of a true television system, in London.

1945 - Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.

1951 - The era of atomic testing in Nevada's desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.

1973 - The Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris. The U.S. military draft ended.

1975 - The Senate began an investigation of activities by the FBI and the CIA. (On November 20, the committee released its report, charging both U.S. government agencies with illegal activities.)

1996 - Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

1998 - First Lady of the United States Hillary Rodham Clinton appears on The Today Show, calling the attacks against her husband part of a vast right-wing conspiracy.

2002 - Several explosions at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria kill more than 1,000.

Births

1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer.

1832 - Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, British author who wrote under the pen name Lewis Carroll.

1832 - Lewis Carroll (pseudonym of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), English writer, mathematician, and photographer.

1850 - Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader, first president of the American Federation of Labor.

1859 - Kaiser Wilhelm II, German emperor during World War I, forced to abdicate in 1918.

1885 - Jerome (David) Kern, American musical comedy composer.

1900 - Hyman Rickover, U.S. Navy admiral and nuclear engineer ("Father of the Nuclear Navy").

1908 - William Randolph Hearst Jr., American media mogul.

1918 - Skitch (Lyle) Henderson, American bandleader, TV musical director.

1938 - Troy Donahue (Merle Johnson), American actor.

1948 - Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian-born American ballet dancer, ballet director, actor.

1959 - Keith Olbermann, American news anchor, commentator and radio sportscaster.

Deaths

1596 - Sir Francis Drake, an English privateer, navigator, slave trader, and politician of the Elizabethan era.

1910 - Thomas Crapper, a plumber and inventor who founded Thomas Crapper & Co. Ltd. in London.

1947 - Al Capone, American gangster.

1967 - Astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White II, and Roger B. Chaffee, in a flash fire during a launch pad test aboard their Apollo I spacecraft at Cape Kennedy, Florida.

1972 - Mahalia Jackson, an American gospel singer.

1973 - William Nolde, last American combat casualty of the Vietnam War.

1989 - Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer as well as a celebrated yachtsman.

1993 - Andr� the Giant (born Andr� Ren� Roussimoff), professional wrestler and actor.

2004 - Jack Paar, American talk show host.







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