On This Day: January 27
Today is Tuesday, January 27, 2015. This is the 27th day of the year, with 338 days remaining in 2015.
Fact of the Day: Dow Jones
The Dow Jones Industrial Average is compiled by averaging closing prices of 30 actively traded blue chip stocks (including AT&T, Coca Cola, Walt Disney, Exxon, Goodyear, Texaco, Fed Ex, and USAir - to name a few) and adjusting by the current appropriate divisor appearing under the Dow's Half-Hourly Averages. The divisor is "adjusted for splits and stock dividends equal to 10% or more of the market value of an issue..." (Barron's)
Feast day of St. Julian of Le Mans, St. Marius or May, St. Angela Merici, and St. Vitalian, pope.
United Kingdom: Holocaust Memorial Day.
Germany: Day of Remembrance for Victims of Nazism.
1785 - The first state-chartered school, the University of Georgia, was incorporated.
1825 - Congress approved Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."
1862 - President Abraham Lincoln issued General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies.
1880 - Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.
1888 - The National Geographic Society was incorporated in Washington D.C.
1924 - Vladimir Lenin's body was laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin.
1926 - John Logie Baird, a Scottish inventor, gave the first public demonstration of a true television system, in London.
1945 - Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.
1951 - The era of atomic testing in Nevada's desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.
1973 - The Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris. The U.S. military draft ended.
1975 - The Senate began an investigation of activities by the FBI and the CIA. (On November 20, the committee released its report, charging both U.S. government agencies with illegal activities.)
1996 - Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
1998 - First Lady of the United States Hillary Rodham Clinton appears on The Today Show, calling the attacks against her husband part of a vast right-wing conspiracy.
2002 - Several explosions at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria kill more than 1,000.
1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer.
1832 - Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, British author who wrote under the pen name Lewis Carroll.
1832 - Lewis Carroll (pseudonym of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), English writer, mathematician, and photographer.
1850 - Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader, first president of the American Federation of Labor.
1859 - Kaiser Wilhelm II, German emperor during World War I, forced to abdicate in 1918.
1885 - Jerome (David) Kern, American musical comedy composer.
1900 - Hyman Rickover, U.S. Navy admiral and nuclear engineer ("Father of the Nuclear Navy").
1908 - William Randolph Hearst Jr., American media mogul.
1918 - Skitch (Lyle) Henderson, American bandleader, TV musical director.
1938 - Troy Donahue (Merle Johnson), American actor.
1948 - Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian-born American ballet dancer, ballet director, actor.
1959 - Keith Olbermann, American news anchor, commentator and radio sportscaster.
1596 - Sir Francis Drake, an English privateer, navigator, slave trader, and politician of the Elizabethan era.
1910 - Thomas Crapper, a plumber and inventor who founded Thomas Crapper & Co. Ltd. in London.
1947 - Al Capone, American gangster.
1967 - Astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White II, and Roger B. Chaffee, in a flash fire during a launch pad test aboard their Apollo I spacecraft at Cape Kennedy, Florida.
1972 - Mahalia Jackson, an American gospel singer.
1973 - William Nolde, last American combat casualty of the Vietnam War.
1989 - Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer as well as a celebrated yachtsman.
1993 - Andr� the Giant (born Andr� Ren� Roussimoff), professional wrestler and actor.
2004 - Jack Paar, American talk show host.