On This Day: October 2
Today is Thursday, October 2, 2014. This is the 275th day of the year, with 90 days remaining in 2014.
Fact of the Day: Greek
Greek has the longest-documented history of any Indo-European language - from the 14th century BC.
Feast day of the Guardian Angels, St. Leger or Leodegarius, and St. Eleutherius of Nicomedia.
Guinea: Independence Day.
Holy day of the Guardian Angels.
1187 - Saladin, the Muslim sultan, captured Jerusalem after its 88-year occupation by the Franks.
1608 - First telescope was demonstrated by the Dutch lens maker, Hans Lipperschey.
1780 - British Major John Andre was hanged as a spy by U.S. forces in Tappan, New York, during the American Revolution.
1835 - The first battle of the Texas Revolution was waged near the Guadalupe River.
1836 - Charles Darwin returned from his five-year survey of South American waters aboard the HMS Beagle.
1870 - Rome became the capital of the newly unified Italy. The previous capital was Florence.
1871 - Morman leader Brigham Young was arrested for polygamy.
1909 - Orville Wright set an altitude record, flying at 1,600 feet.
1919 - President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed.
1944 - Nazi troops crushed the 63-day-old Warsaw Uprising; one-quarter million Poles died.
1950 - Comic strip "Peanuts," by Charles M. Schultz, was first published in nine newspapers,
1955 - "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" had its TV premiere.
1958 - Guinea became the independent Republic of Guinea, rejecting the new French constitution.
1959 - "The Twilight Zone" premiered.
1964 - Scientists announced findings that smoking can cause cancer.
1967 - Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African-American (associate) justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1968 - California's Redwood National Park was established.
1975 - Showa Tenno Hirohito, the 124th Japanese monarch along an imperial line dating back to 660 BC, was welcomed by President Gerald Ford.
1990 - Senate confirmed the Supreme Court nomination of Justice David H. Souter.
1996 - Former Bulgarian premier Andrei Lukanov was shot and killed by an unidentified gunman.
2002 - A man was shot and killed in a grocery store parking lot in Wheaton, Maryland, becoming the first victim in a series of sniper attacks in the Washington, D.C. area, that left 10 dead.
2006 - Five school girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania before Roberts commits suicide.
1452 - Richard III, King of England.
1869 - Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi, Indian political and spiritual leader.
1890 - American comedian Groucho Marx (Julius Henry Marx).
1895 - Bud Abbott, American actor and comedian.
1904 - Graham Greene, English novelist.
1945 - Don McLean, American singer-songwriter.
1949 - Annie Leibovitz, American portrait photographer.
1951 - Sting (Gordon Sumner), British singer and actor.
1967 - Bud Gaugh, American musician.
322 B.C.E. - Aristotle, Greek philosopher, scientist, and physician, born in Stagira, Macedonia.
1803 - Samuel Adams, American Revolution leader and politician.
1985 - Rock Hudson (Roy Harold Scherer, Jr.) , American actor.
1998 - Gene Autry, Hollywood's singing cowboy, at 91.
2005 - Nipsey Russell, American comedian.