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On This Day: September 23

Today is Tuesday, September 23, 2014. This is the 266th day of the year, with 99 days remaining in 2014.

Fact of the Day: kangaroos

Although at low speeds kangaroos expend more energy than do quadrupeds of the same size, at higher speeds they use less energy - related to the storage of elastic strain energy in the kangaroo's tendons and muscles.


Saudi Arabia: Unification Day/Kingdom Unification.

Wyoming: Frontier Day.

United States: Native American Day.

Pennsylvania Dutch: Schwenkenfelder Day/Thanksgiving Day.


1518 - The Royal College of Physicians was established to protect citizens from medical charlatans and quacks.

1642 - Harvard College held first commencement.

1779 - American warship Bonhomme Richard defeated the HMS Serapis after the American commander, John Paul Jones, was said to have declared: "I have not yet begun to fight!"

1780 - British spy John Andre was captured along with papers revealing Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West Point to the British.

1788 - Louis XVI of France declared the Parliament restored.

1806 - Lewis and Clark and their expedition returned to St. Louis from the Pacific Northwest, three years after it departed.

1846 - Neptune, the eighth planet, was discovered by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.

1912 - Mack Sennet's first "Keystone Cop" film debuted.

1945 - The first American died in Vietnam during the fall of Saigon to French forces.

1952 - Republican vice-presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon went on television to deliver the "Checkers" speech, a refute of allegations of improper campaign financing.

1962 - New York's Philharmonic Hall opened.

1962 - "The Jetsons" premiered on TV.

1964 - Marc Chagall's painted ceiling of the Paris Opera House was unveiled.

1973 - Former Argentine president Juan Peron returned to power after an 18-year exile in Spain.

2002 - A 24-count indictment charging conspiracy, securities fraud and wire fraud was filed against the founding family and two executives of bankrupt cable company Adelphia Communications.


484 B.C.E. - Euripides, Greek playwright.

63 B.C.E. - Augustus Caesar (Octavian), first Roman emperor.

1800 - William McGuffy, American educator and author of the "McGuffy Readers."

1838 - Victoria Chaflin Woodhull, the first woman American presidential candidate (1872).

1863 - Mary Church Terrell, American educator, activist, and first president of the National Associated of Colored Women.

1880 - Walter Lippmann, American journalist and political commentator.

1920 - Mickey Rooney (Joe Yule, Jr.), American actor.

1926 - John Coltrane, American composer and musician.

1930 - Ray Charles (Robinson), American singer and piano player.

1943 - Julio Iglesias, Latin singer.

1949 - Bruce Springsteen, American singer-songwriter.


1939 - Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis.

1987 - Bob Fosse, American theater and motion-picture choreographer and director.

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