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On This Day: January 27

Today is Tuesday, January 27, 2015. This is the 27th day of the year, with 338 days remaining in 2015.

Fact of the Day: Dow Jones

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is compiled by averaging closing prices of 30 actively traded blue chip stocks (including AT&T, Coca Cola, Walt Disney, Exxon, Goodyear, Texaco, Fed Ex, and USAir - to name a few) and adjusting by the current appropriate divisor appearing under the Dow's Half-Hourly Averages. The divisor is "adjusted for splits and stock dividends equal to 10% or more of the market value of an issue..." (Barron's)


Feast day of St. Julian of Le Mans, St. Marius or May, St. Angela Merici, and St. Vitalian, pope.

United Kingdom: Holocaust Memorial Day.

Germany: Day of Remembrance for Victims of Nazism.


1785 - The first state-chartered school, the University of Georgia, was incorporated.

1825 - Congress approved Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."

1862 - President Abraham Lincoln issued General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies.

1880 - Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.

1888 - The National Geographic Society was incorporated in Washington D.C.

1924 - Vladimir Lenin's body was laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin.

1926 - John Logie Baird, a Scottish inventor, gave the first public demonstration of a true television system, in London.

1945 - Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.

1951 - The era of atomic testing in Nevada's desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.

1973 - The Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris. The U.S. military draft ended.

1975 - The Senate began an investigation of activities by the FBI and the CIA. (On November 20, the committee released its report, charging both U.S. government agencies with illegal activities.)

1996 - Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

1998 - First Lady of the United States Hillary Rodham Clinton appears on The Today Show, calling the attacks against her husband part of a vast right-wing conspiracy.

2002 - Several explosions at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria kill more than 1,000.


1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer.

1832 - Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, British author who wrote under the pen name Lewis Carroll.

1832 - Lewis Carroll (pseudonym of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), English writer, mathematician, and photographer.

1850 - Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader, first president of the American Federation of Labor.

1859 - Kaiser Wilhelm II, German emperor during World War I, forced to abdicate in 1918.

1885 - Jerome (David) Kern, American musical comedy composer.

1900 - Hyman Rickover, U.S. Navy admiral and nuclear engineer ("Father of the Nuclear Navy").

1908 - William Randolph Hearst Jr., American media mogul.

1918 - Skitch (Lyle) Henderson, American bandleader, TV musical director.

1938 - Troy Donahue (Merle Johnson), American actor.

1948 - Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian-born American ballet dancer, ballet director, actor.

1959 - Keith Olbermann, American news anchor, commentator and radio sportscaster.


1596 - Sir Francis Drake, an English privateer, navigator, slave trader, and politician of the Elizabethan era.

1910 - Thomas Crapper, a plumber and inventor who founded Thomas Crapper & Co. Ltd. in London.

1947 - Al Capone, American gangster.

1967 - Astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White II, and Roger B. Chaffee, in a flash fire during a launch pad test aboard their Apollo I spacecraft at Cape Kennedy, Florida.

1972 - Mahalia Jackson, an American gospel singer.

1973 - William Nolde, last American combat casualty of the Vietnam War.

1989 - Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer as well as a celebrated yachtsman.

1993 - Andr� the Giant (born Andr� Ren� Roussimoff), professional wrestler and actor.

2004 - Jack Paar, American talk show host.

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