Jean Zuléma Amussat
– May 13
) was a French surgeon
Amussat was born in Saint-Maixent, Deux-Sèvres. He became a renowned physician whose primary contributions were in the field of genitourinary surgery. Most of his work was through a private practice he held in Paris. He is remembered for the eponymous Amussat's method or "torsion of the arteries", which is a procedure used to arrest arterial hemorrhaging. He was also an early practitioner of lithotripsy, which was a "minimally invasive" surgery to crush stones inside the bladder via the urethra. This operation necessitated use of an instrument called the lithotrite, which had been recently invented by Jean Civiale (1792-1867).
Amussat has several eponyms related to him:
- Note sur la possibilité de sonder l'urètre de l'homme avec une sonde tout-à-fait droite, sans blesser le canal; ce qui à donné l'idée d'extraire les petits calculs urinaires encore contenus dans la vessie, et de briser le gros avec la pince d Hunter modifiée. Nouveau journal de médecine, T. 13, 1822. On lithotripsy.
- Torsion des artères Archives générales de médecine, Paris, 1829, 20: 606-610.
- Quelques considérations sur l’étude de l’anatomie. Thèse. 33 pages. Paris, 1826, No. 186. On the use of animal experiments in physiology.
- Amussat’s lessons on retention of urine, caused by strictures of the urethra, and on the diseases of the urethra. Edited by A. Petit. Translated from the French by James P. Jervey, M. D. 3 p. 1., 246 pages. Charleston, S. C. J. Dowling, 1836