Ziph, in the Bible. 1 Judahite. 1 Chron. 4.16. 2 Unidentified city, S ancient Palestine. 3 City, S ancient Palestine, the modern Khirbat Zif, West Bank, SSE of Hebron. David hid at Ziph in his flight from Saul. Ziph is the title of Psalm 54.

In the Hebrew Bible:

  • A son of Jehaleleel (1 Chronicles 4:16).
  • A city in the south of the Tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:24), named between Ithnan and Telem.
  • A city in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 15:55), south-east of Hebron. Here David hid himself from Saul (1 Samuel 23:19; Psalm 54). The name of Zif is found about four miles south of Hebron, attached to a rounded hill of some 100 feet in height, which is called Tell Zif.

From archaeology

Scholars debate the interpretation of the word Z(Y)F on LMLK seals. It may be a reference to an economic center established at the site south-east of Hebron during the reign of King Hezekiah (circa 700 BC), or it may be a literal votive inscription meaning "battlement", "flowing", "mouthful", "pinnacle", or "supply" (Grena, 2004, pp. 51, 360-2).


  • Grena, G.M. (2004). LMLK--A Mystery Belonging to the King vol. 1. Redondo Beach, California: 4000 Years of Writing History. ISBN 0-9748786-0-X.

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