Zero option

Zero option

The "Zero Option" was a name given to the negotiated withdrawal of all United States intermediate range nuclear missiles from Europe. U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced this plan on November 18, 1981.

In return for the U.S. withdrawal, the plan required the Soviet Union to remove 1,100 nuclear missiles or else the U.S. would deploy additional missiles that had yet to be built.

Since it was a near certainty that the Soviet Union would refuse this offer, it was seen by many to have been designed to be rejected so that the U.S. could deploy the new missiles without condemnation by critics there and abroad.

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