Zaghlul Pasha

Zaghlul Pasha

[zahg-lool pah-shah]
Zaghlul Pasha, Saad, c.1850-1927, Egyptian nationalist leader, founder of the Wafd party. He suffered both arrest (1882) and exile (1919) for his attempts to end foreign domination in Egypt. Having founded (1919) the Wafd party, he became premier in 1924, but the opposition of Great Britain and the Egyptian court soon forced him to resign. The last year of his life he served as president of the Egyptian parliament.
This page lists the holders of the office of Prime Minister of Egypt. The office was created when Egypt's Council of Ministers was established in August 1878, after Khedive Isma'il Pasha agreed to turn his powers over to a cabinet modeled after those of Europe. Nubar Pasha was thus Egypt's first Prime Minister in the modern sense. Prior to that, Egypt had traditional Muslim-style viziers. Ahmed Nazif, in office since 2004, is the current Prime Minister of Egypt.

Grand Viziers of Egypt (1857-1878)

Prime Ministers of Egypt (1878-present)

Tenure Incumbent Affiliation Notes
28 August 1878 to 23 February 1879 Nubar Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
18 February 1879 to 10 March 1879 Ismail Pasha, Khedive, acting as Prime Minister    
10 March 1879 to 7 April 1879 Muhammad Tawfiq Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
7 April 1879 to 18 August 1879 Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
18 August 1879 to 21 September 1879 Muhammad Tawfiq Pasha, Khedive, acting as Prime Minister   2nd Term
21 September 1879 to 10 September 1881 Riyad Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
14 September 1881 to 4 February 1882 Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Prime Minister   3rd Term
4 February 1882 to 26 May 1882 Mahmoud Sami al-Baroudi, Prime Minister    
July 1882 to 13 September 1882 Urabi Pasha, Prime Minister Mil In rebellion
18 June 1882 to 21 August 1882 Raghib Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
21 August 1882 to 7 January 1884 Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Prime Minister   4th Term
10 January 1884 to 9 June 1888 Nubar Pasha, Prime Minister   2nd Term
9 June 1888 to 12 May 1891 Riyad Pasha, Prime Minister   2nd Term
12 May 1891 to 15 January 1893 Mustafa Fahmi Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
15 January 1893 to 17 January 1893 Hussein Fahri Pasha, Prime Minister    
17 January 1893 to 16 April 1894 Riyad Pasha, Prime Minister   3rd Term
16 April 1894 to 12 November 1895 Nubar Pasha, Prime Minister   3rd Term
12 November 1895 to 12 November 1908 Mustafa Fahmi Pasha, Prime Minister   2nd Term
12 November 1908 to 21 February 1910 Boutros Ghali Pasha, Prime Minister    
22 February 1910 to 5 April 1914 Muhammad Said Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
5 April 1914 to 12 April 1919 Hussein Rushdi Pasha, Prime Minister    
21 May 1919 to 19 November 1919 Muhammad Said Pasha, Prime Minister   2nd Term
19 November 1919 to 20 May 1920 Yusuf Wahba Pasha, Prime Minister    
20 May 1920 to 16 March 1921 Muhammad Tawfiq Nasim Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
16 March 1921 to 1 March 1922 Adli Yakan Pasha, Prime Minister LCP 1st Term
1 March 1922 to 30 November 1922 Abdel Khaliq Sarwat Pasha, Prime Minister LCP 1st Term
30 November 1922 to 15 March 1923 Muhammad Tawfiq Nasim Pasha, Prime Minister   2nd Term
15 March 1923 to 26 January 1924 Yahya Ibrahim Pasha, Prime Minister  
26 January 1924 to 24 November 1924 Saad Zaghlul Pasha, Prime Minister WM  
24 November 1924 to 7 June 1926 Ahmad Ziwar Pasha, Prime Minister FP  
7 June 1926 to 26 April 1927 Adli Yakan Pasha, Prime Minister LCP 2nd Term
26 April 1927 to 16 March 1928 Abdel Khaliq Sarwat Pasha, Prime Minister LCP 2nd Term
16 March 1928 to 27 June 1928 Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha, Prime Minister WM 1st Term
27 June 1928 to 4 October 1929 Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha, Prime Minister LCP 1st Term
4 October 1929 to 1 January 1930 Adli Yakan Pasha, Prime Minister LCP 3rd Term
1 January 1930 to 20 June 1930 Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha, Prime Minister WM 2nd Term
20 June 1930 to 22 September 1933 Ismail Sedki Pasha, Prime Minister HS 1st Term
22 September 1933 to 15 November 1934 Abdel Fattah Yahya Ibrahim Pasha, Prime Minister IP 2nd Term
15 November 1934 to 30 January 1936 Muhammad Tawfiq Nasim Pasha, Prime Minister IP 3rd Term
30 January 1936 to 9 May 1936 Ali Mahir Pasha, Prime Minister IP 1st Term
9 May 1936 to 29 December 1937 Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha, Prime Minister WM 3rd Term
29 December 1937 to 18 August 1939 Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha, Prime Minister WM 2nd Term
18 August 1939 to 28 June 1940 Ali Mahir Pasha, Prime Minister IP 2nd Term
28 June 1940 to 15 November 1940 Hassan Sabry Pasha, Prime Minister n-p  
15 November 1940 to 6 February 1942 Hussein Sirri Pasha, Prime Minister n-p 1st Term
6 February 1942 to 10 October 1944 Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha, Prime Minister WM 4th Term
10 October 1944 to 24 February 1945 Ahmad Mahir Pasha, Prime Minister SIP  
26 February 1945 to 17 February 1946 Mahmoud an-Nukrashi Pasha, Prime Minister SIP 1st Term
17 February 1946 to 9 December 1946 Ismail Sedki Pasha, Prime Minister HS 2nd Term
9 December 1946 to 28 December 1948 Mahmoud an-Nukrashi Pasha, Prime Minister SIP 2nd Term
28 December 1948 to 26 July 1949 Ibrahim Abdel Hadi Pasha, Prime Minister SIP  
26 July 1949 to 12 January 1950 Hussein Sirri Pasha, Prime Minister n-p 2nd Term
12 January 1950 to 27 January 1952 Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha, Prime Minister WM 5th Term
27 January 1952 to 2 March 1952 Ali Mahir Pasha, Prime Minister IP 3rd Term
2 March 1952 to 2 July 1952 Ahmad Naguib Hilali Pasha, Prime Minister   1st Term
2 July 1952 to 22 July 1952 Hussein Sirri Pasha, Prime Minister n-p 3rd Term
22 July 1952 to 23 July 1952 Ahmad Naguib Hilali Pasha, Prime Minister   2nd Term
23 July 1952 to 7 September 1952 Ali Mahir Pasha, Prime Minister IP 4th Term
7 September 1952 to 7 December 1952 Muhammad Naguib, Prime Minister Mil/LR 1st Term
Republic of Egypt
7 December 1952 to 25 February 1954 Muhammad Naguib, Prime Minister Mil/LR 1st Term
25 February 1954 to 8 March 1954 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Prime Minister
جمال عبد الناصر
Mil/LR 1st Term
8 March 1954 to 18 April 1954 Muhammad Naguib, Prime Minister Mil/LR 2nd Term
18 April 1954 to 1 February 1958 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Prime Minister
جمال عبد الناصر
Mil/LR 2nd Term
United Arab Republic
1 February 1958 to 1962 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Prime Minister
جمال عبد الناصر
Mil/LR 2nd Term
1962 to 29 September 1962 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Prime Minister
جمال عبد الناصر
ASU 2nd Term
29 September 1962 to 3 October 1965 Ali Sabri, Prime Minister ASU  
3 October 1965 to 10 September 1966 Zakaria Mohieddin, Prime Minister ASU  
10 September 1966 to 19 June 1967 Muhammad Sedki Sulayman, Prime Minister ASU  
19 June 1967 to 28 September 1970 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Prime Minister
جمال عبد الناصر
ASU 3rd Term
21 October 1970 to 2 September 1971 Mahmoud Fawzi, Prime Minister ASU  
Arab Republic of Egypt
جمهوريّةمصرالعربيّة (Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah)
2 September 1971 to 17 January 1972 Mahmoud Fawzi, Prime Minister ASU  
17 January 1972 to 26 March 1973 Aziz Sedki, Prime Minister ASU  
26 March 1973 to 25 September 1974 Anwar as-Sadat, Prime Minister
أنور السادات
ASU 1st Term
25 September 1974 to 16 April 1975 Abdelaziz Muhammad Hejazi, Prime Minister ASU  
16 April 1975 to 1978 Mamdouh Muhammad Salem, Prime Minister ASU  
1978 to 2 October 1978 HDW  
2 October 1978 to 15 May 1980 Mustafa Khalil, Prime Minister HDW  
15 May 1980 to 6 October 1981 Anwar as-Sadat, Prime Minister
أنور السادات
HDW 2nd Term
7 October 1981 to 2 January 1982 Hosni Mubarak, Prime Minister
محمد حسني مبارك
HDW  
2 January 1982 to 5 June 1984 Ahmad Fuad Mohieddin, Prime Minister HDW  
17 July 1984 to 4 September 1985 Kamal Hassan Ali, Prime Minister HDW  
4 September 1985 to 10 November 1986 Ali Mahmoud Lutfi, Prime Minister HDW  
10 November 1986 to 4 January 1996 Atef Muhammad Naguib Sedki, Prime Minister HDW  
4 January 1996 to 5 October 1999 Kamal Ganzouri, Prime Minister HDW  
5 October 1999 to 14 July 2004 Atef Ebeid, Prime Minister HDW  
14 July 2004 to present Ahmed Nazif, Prime Minister HDW  

List of heads of government of Southern Region (Egypt) of the United Arab Republic

Tenure Incumbent Affiliation Notes
7 October 1958 to 20 September 1960 Nureddin Tarraf, Chairmen of the Executive Council    
20 September 1960 to 16 August 1961 Kamaleddin Hussein, Chairmen of the Executive Council    

Affiliations

HDW al-Hizb al-Watani al-Dimuqrati
         (National Democratic Party)    authoritarian (nominally social democratic), estd.1978
ASU Arab Socialist Union
         Nasserist, centrist, government party, only legal party 1962-1978
FP Federal Party
HS Hizb ash-Shaab
         (People's Party)    Ismail Sedki personalist, anti-Wafd, 1930-1946
IP Ittihad Party
         (Union Party)    royalist
LCP Liberal Constitutional Party
LR Liberation Rally
         government party only legal party 17 Jan 1953-1962
NU National Union
         Nasser personalist, nationalist 1957-1962
SIP Saadist Institutional Party
UMMA Hizb al-Umma
         (Umma Party/People's Party)    Egyptian nationalist, moderate 1907-1925
WM al Wafd al Misri
         (Egyptian Delegation "Wafd" - Egyptian National Party)    ''1919-1953, democratic
WP Watani Party
         (National Party)    conservative, islamist, Egyptian nationalist, 1907-1953
Mil Military
n-p non-partisan
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