Definitions

Zacharias

Zacharias

[zak-uh-rahy-uhs]
Zacharias or Zachary, Saint, pope (741-52), a Calabrian Greek; successor of St. Gregory III. He was the first pope after Gregory the Great not to seek confirmation of his election from the Byzantine emperor. By his personal prestige he forced Luitprand, king of the Lombards, to restore some towns he had taken from the pope. He sanctioned the assumption by Pepin the Short of the Frankish crown, thus beginning the cordial relations between Pepin's house and the papacy. St. Zachary's correspondence is extant; the letters to St. Boniface confirming the ecclesiastical settlements in Germany are notable. An illustrious pope, he did much to strengthen the authority of the Holy See. He was succeeded by Stephen II. Feast: Mar. 22.
Zacharias [Gr. from Heb. Zechariah] or Zachary [Eng. from Heb.]. 1 Priest to whom an angel appeared and foretold the birth of his son, John the Baptist. Luke 1.5-80. He and Elizabeth, his wife, are saints of the Roman Catholic Church; their feast day is Nov. 5. 2 Martyr prophet, the same as Zechariah 2. 3 Book of the Old Testament, often called Zechariah.

(flourished 6th century BC) One of the 12 Minor Prophets of the Hebrew scriptures, whose prophecies are recorded in the book of Zechariah. (The work is part of a larger book, The Twelve, in the Jewish canon.) His visions concern the return of the Jews to Jerusalem after the Babylonian Exile, the rebuilding of the Temple of Jerusalem, and the world's recognition of Israel's God. The book also includes his apocalyptic visions of the end of time.

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(born Nov. 7, 1903, Vienna, Austria—died Feb. 27, 1989, Altenburg) Zoologist and founder (with Nikolaas Tinbergen) of modern ethology. While still a schoolboy he nursed sick animals from the nearby zoo. In 1935 he first elucidated and demonstrated the phenomenon of imprinting in ducklings and goslings. He later examined the roots of human aggression (in the best-selling On Aggression, 1963) and the nature of human thought. His other popular works include King Solomon's Ring (1949) and Man Meets Dog (1950). He shared a 1973 Nobel Prize with Tinbergen and Karl von Frisch.

Learn more about Lorenz, Konrad (Zacharias) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Nov. 7, 1903, Vienna, Austria—died Feb. 27, 1989, Altenburg) Zoologist and founder (with Nikolaas Tinbergen) of modern ethology. While still a schoolboy he nursed sick animals from the nearby zoo. In 1935 he first elucidated and demonstrated the phenomenon of imprinting in ducklings and goslings. He later examined the roots of human aggression (in the best-selling On Aggression, 1963) and the nature of human thought. His other popular works include King Solomon's Ring (1949) and Man Meets Dog (1950). He shared a 1973 Nobel Prize with Tinbergen and Karl von Frisch.

Learn more about Lorenz, Konrad (Zacharias) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

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