yuan dynasty

List of emperors of the Yuan Dynasty

The following is a list of Emperors of the Mongol-founded Yuan Dynasty.

See also: Yuan Dynasty family tree

Temple names Posthumous names Khan Names Given names Period of Reigns Era names and their according range of years
Convention: use first name (e.g. Temüjin) or Khan names for khans before Kublai Khan. Use "Yuan" + temple name or posthumous name after. A mix of the three for Kublai Khan.
Note:
1) The Mongol Great Khans before Khubilai were only declared Yuan emperors after the creation of Yuan dynasty in 1271
2) To non-Chinese readers, usually the khan names are the most familiar names.
3) Timur or Temür means the same Mongolian words but Temür will be used for avoiding confusion with Timur the lame, or Tamerlane.
Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Genghis Khan Borjigin Temüjin (孛兒只斤鐵木真 Bóérzhījīn Tiěmùzhēn) 1206-1227 did not exist
Ruizong (睿宗 Ruìzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Tolui Borjigin Tolui (孛兒只斤拖雷 BóérzhījīnTuōléi) 1228 did not exist
Taizong (太宗 Tàizōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Ögedei Khan Borjigin Ögedei (孛兒只斤窩闊台 Bóérzhījīn Wōkuòtái) 1229-1241 did not exist
Dingzong (定宗 Dìngzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Güyük Khan Borjigin Güyük (孛兒只斤貴由 Bóérzhījīn Guìyuó) 1246-1248 did not exist
Xianzong (憲宗 Xiànzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Möngke Khan Borjigin Möngke (孛兒只斤蒙哥 Bóérzhījīn Ménggē) 1251-1259 did not exist
Shizu (世祖 Shìzǔ) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Kublai Khan Borjigin Kublai (孛兒只斤忽必烈 Bóérzhījīn Hūbìliè) 1260-1294 Zhongtong (中統 Zhōngtǒng) 1260-1264
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1264-1294
Chengzong (成宗 Chéngzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Temür Öljeytü Khân Borjigin Temür (孛兒只斤鐵木耳 Bóérzhījīn Tiěmù'ěr) 1294-1307 Yuanzhen (元貞 Yuánzhēn) 1295-1297
Dade (大德 Dàdé) 1297-1307
Wuzong (武宗 Wǔzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Qayshan Gülük Borjigin Qayshan (孛兒只斤海山 Bóérzhījīn Hǎishān) 1308-1311 Zhida (至大 Zhìdà) 1308-1311
Renzong (仁宗 Rénzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Ayurparibhadra Borjigin Ayurparibhadra (孛兒只斤愛育黎拔力八達 Bóérzhījīn Àiyùlíbálìbādá) 1311-1320 Huangqing (皇慶 Huángqìng) 1312-1313
Yanyou (延祐 Yányòu) 1314-1320
Yingzong (英宗 Yīngzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Suddhipala Gege'en Borjigin Suddhipala (孛兒只斤碩德八剌 Bóérzhījīn Shuòdébālá) 1321-1323 Zhizhi (至治 Zhìzhì) 1321-1323
Jinzong (晉宗 Jìnzōng) (1) Taiding Di (泰定帝 Tàidìng Dì) (2) Yesün-Temür Borjigin Yesün-Temür (孛兒只斤也孫鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Yěsūntiěmùér) 1323-1328 Taiding (泰定 Tàidìng) 1321-1328
Zhihe (致和 Zhìhé) 1328
did not exist (1) Tianshun Di (天順帝 Tiānshùn Dì) (2) Arigaba Borjigin Arigaba (孛兒只斤阿速吉八 Bóérzhījīn Āsùjíbā) 1328 Tianshun (天順 Tiānshùn) 1328
Wenzong (文宗 Wénzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Jijaghatu Toq-Temür Borjigin Toq-Temür (孛兒只斤圖鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Tútiěmùér) 1328-1329 and 1329-1332 Tianli (天曆 Tiānlì) 1328-1330
Zhishun (至順 Zhìshùn) 1330-1332
Mingzong (明宗 Míngzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Qoshila Qutuqtu Borjigin Qoshila (孛兒只斤和世剌 Bóérzhījīn Héshìlà) 1329 did not exist
Ningzong (寧宗 Níngzōng) too tedious; thus, not used when referring to this sovereign Irinchibal Borjigin Irinchibal (孛兒只斤懿璘質班 Bóérzhījīn Yìlínzhìbān) 1332 Zhishun (至順 Zhìshùn) 1332
Huizong (惠宗 Huìzōng) (1) Shundi (順帝 Shùndì) Toghan-Temür Borjigin Toghan-Temür (孛兒只斤妥懽鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Tuǒhuān Tiěmùér) 1333-1370 Zhishun (至順 Zhìshùn) 1333
Yuantong (元統 Yuántǒng) 1333-1335
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1335-1340
Zhizheng (至正 Zhìzhèng) 1341-1368
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1368-1370
(1) Convention: for these souverigns only, use "yuan" + posthumous name, i.e. 元泰定帝 Yuán Tài Dìng Dì. (2) Not actually a posthumous name, but adopted from era name.

'''Northern Yuan Dynasty (after expulsion from China by Ming in 1368) 1368 - 1635
Temple Names (Miao Hao 廟號 Miào Hào) Posthumous Names (Shi Hao 諡號) Khan Names Born Names Period of Reigns Era Names (Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years
Convention: use khan names or born names.
Note: 1) />2) To non-Chinese readers, usually the khan names are the most familiar names. 2) Timur or Temür means the same Mongolian words but Temür will be used for avoiding confusion with the Timur (Timurlane or Tamerlane) who attempted to restore the Mongolian Empire in Central Asia.
Convention: for the following sovereign only, use "yuan" + posthumous name.
Huizong (惠宗 Huìzōng) (same person as the last Yuan emperor in China) Shundi (順帝 Shùndì) Toghan-Temür Borjigin Toghan-Temür (孛兒只斤妥懽鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Tuǒhuān Tiěmùér) 1333-1370 Zhishun (至順 Zhìshùn) 1333
Yuantong (元統 Yuántǒng) 1333-1335
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1335-1340
Zhizheng (至正 Zhìzhèng) 1341-1368
Zhiyuan (至元 Zhìyuán) 1368-1370
Zhaozong (昭宗 Zhāozōng) did not exist Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara of the Borjigin clan (孛兒只斤愛育識里達臘 Bóérzhījīn Àiyùshílǐdálà) 1370-1378 Xuanguang (宣光 Xuānguāng) 1371-1378
Yizong (益宗) Ningxiao Emperor (宁孝皇帝 Ningxiao Huangdi) Usakhal Khan Tögüs Temür of the Borjigin clan (孛兒只斤脫古思鐵木兒 Bóérzhījīn Tuōgǔsī Tiěmùér) 1378-1387 Tianguang (天光 Tiānguāng) 1378-1387
(1) Convention: for these souvereigns only, use "yuan" + posthumous name, i.e. 元泰定帝 Yuán Tài Dìng Dì. For the later Mongol Khans, see List of Mongol Khans

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