- This article is about the Pennsylvanian senator, for the U.S. Army Chief of Staff see Hugh L. Scott
Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr. (November 11, 1900 – July 21, 1994) was a politician from Pennsylvania who served in both the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate, and who also served as Chairman of the Republican National Committee.
He was born in Fredericksburg
, on November 11, 1900 and attended public and private schools. He graduated from Randolph-Macon College
, Ashland, Virginia
, in 1919 and the law department of the University of Virginia
at Charlottesville in 1922. He was admitted to the bar in 1922 and commenced practice in Philadelphia
, Pennsylvania. He was a brother of the Alpha Chi Rho
During World War I he enrolled in the Student Reserve Officers Training Corps and the Students’ Army Training Corps.
Scott served as assistant district attorney
, Pa. from 1926 to 1941 and was a member of the Governor’s Commission on Reform of the Magistrates System (1938–1940). During the Second World War
he was on active duty for two years with the United States Navy
, rising to the rank of commander
, Scott was also vice president of the United States Delegation to the Interparlimentary Union. He was elected as a Republican
to the 77th United States Congress
and reelected to the 78th United States Congress
(January 3, 1941–January 3, 1945). He failed to be reelected in 1944
to the 79th United States Congress
and resumed the practice of law, serving as Chairman of the Republican National Committee
from 1948 to 1949. He then returned to Congress (the 80th
) and was reelected to the five succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1947–January 3, 1959), leaving his seat to run for the Senate.
In 1958 Scott was elected to the United States Senate and was twice reelected, in 1964 and again in 1970, and served from January 3, 1959, to January 3, 1977. He was Republican whip in 1969 and minority leader from 1969 to 1977, serving as Chairman of the Select Committee on Secret and Confidential Documents (92nd Congress).
A memorable quote from Hugh Scott came during the U-2 Incident in 1960, when Senator Scott said that "We have violated the eleventh Commandment — Thou Shall Not Get Caught.
He did not run for reelection in 1976. The same year, he chaired the Pennsylvania delegation to the Republican National Convention.
Scott was a resident of Washington, D.C., and later, Falls Church, Virginia, until his death there on July 21, 1994. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
- Kotlowski, Dean J. "Unhappily Yoked? Hugh Scott and Richard Nixon." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 2001 125(3): 233-266. ISSN 0031-4587
- Abstract: While their different public personas, political interests, and institutional duties led to occasional disagreement, President Richard Nixon and Senate Minority Leader Scott were not always unhappily tethered as evidenced by their stances on domestic and foreign issues throughout Nixon's presidency, during 1968–74. While he jousted with Nixon over racial policies and his Supreme Court nominations, including his choice of Judge Clement F. Haynsworth, Jr., of South Carolina, Scott supported much of Nixon's domestic agenda, applauded the president's conduct of foreign affairs, backed his Vietnam policy, praised his invasion of Cambodia, publicly proclaimed Nixon's innocence during the Watergate scandal, and endorsed President Gerald Ford's pardon of his predecessor. The Nixon-Scott relationship is notable because it confirms scholars' assumptions about Nixon's hot-and-cold association with Congress and indicates that sparring between moderate Republicans like Nixon and Scott was on its way out.
- He along with Barry Goldwater is remembered as taking "tough love" to the Nixon White House during Vietnam.