Headquarters of the London Metropolitan Police, and, by extension, the force itself. The London police force was created in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel and housed at 4 Whitehall Place, which had an entrance in Great Scotland Yard. In 1890 it moved to a new building; that location became New Scotland Yard, a name that was kept when it moved again in 1967. In addition to duties common to all metropolitan police forces (including crime detection and prevention and traffic management), it is entrusted with civil defense in times of emergency, and it maintains a special branch for guarding visiting dignitaries, royalty, and political dignitaries. It keeps records on all known criminals in Britain, and other British police forces often seek its assistance. It also helps train the police of Commonwealth nations.
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The Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002 only provides for the use of yards and miles when showing distances on British road signposts. But, in 2007 and 2008, many driver location signs using kilometers to specify the distance from specified reference points were erected on many British Motorways.
In the context of American and Canadian concrete mixers' loads, a cubic yard is always called simply a yard. A typical marking would indicate that a mixer had a capacity of "11 yards" or "1.5 yards".
Yard also is a term used in financial markets for one billion (1010) units of currency (derived from the French milliard) in order to avoid the ambiguity between "billion" and "million". Example: a yard of dollars is $1bn.
The early yard was divided by the binary method into two, four, eight, and sixteen parts called the half-yard, span, finger, and nail. Two yards are a fathom.