means 'dry eating'. In some instances, this means bread and water only - particularly if being used as a form of discipline. In other cases, such as the Lenten fast, vegetables cooked with water and salt are eaten, and also such things as fruit, nuts, bread and honey. Eastern Orthodox
and Eastern Catholic Christians
practice xerophagy during Lent
and other fasts. More recently, involuntary xerophagy is imposed on miscreants as punishment, adding to the misery of their confinement. The Uniform Code of Military Justice
permits commanding officers of United States Navy
ships to use xerophagy as a disciplinary punishment for minor offenses without the intervention of a court-martial, "...if imposed upon a person attached to or embarked in a vessel, confinement on bread and water or diminished rations for not more than three consecutive days."